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      An Inhibition of Urinary Albumin Excretion by Protease Inhibitor in Streptozotocin-Diabetic Rats

      ,

      Nephron

      S. Karger AG

      Rat, Albuminuria, Diabetes mellitus, Protease inhibitor

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          Abstract

          To evaluate the protecting effect of camostat mesylate, NN-dimethylcarba-moylmethyl- p-( p-guanidinobenzoyloxy)phenylacetate methanesulfonate, one of the synthetic trypsin inhibitors, on diabetic nephropathy, urinary albumin excretion was measured in streptozotocin-induced (50 mg/kg, i.p.) diabetic rats treated with oral camostat mesylate for 12 weeks. The rats were divided into three groups: (1) nondiabetic control rats; (2) diabetic rats, and (3) diabetic rats received rat chow containing 0.1% camostat mesylate (PI rats). After induction of diabetes, the ratio of kidney weight to body weight and urinary albumin excretion (UAE) were significantly increased. However, the ratio of kidney weight to body weight in PI rats was significantly lower than that in diabetic rats, and UAE in PI rats was also significantly lower than that in diabetic rats at 4, 8 and 12 weeks. Kidney tissue insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) contents were significantly reduced in diabetic rats, and there were no significant differences in kidney tissue IGF-I contents between diabetic and PI rats. These results suggest that camostat mesylate reduces the UAE probably through an inhibitory effect on initial diabetic renal hypertrophy and that camostat mesylate is available for diabetic nephropathy.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1996
          1996
          24 December 2008
          : 74
          : 4
          : 709-712
          Affiliations
          First Department of Internal Medicine, Tottori University Faculty of Medicine, Nishi-machi, Yonago, Japan
          Article
          189479 Nephron 1996;74:709–712
          10.1159/000189479
          8956306
          © 1996 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 4
          Categories
          Original Paper

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          Protease inhibitor, Diabetes mellitus, Albuminuria, Rat

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