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      Los tiempos verbales como marcadores evidenciales: El caso del pretérito perfecto compuesto Translated title: Verbal tenses as evidence markers: The case of the Present Perfect Tense

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          Abstract

          A pesar de que los tiempos verbales son a menudo usados de manera atípica (tiempo verbal presente para describir eventos en el pasado o el futuro, tiempo verbal pasado para describir eventos presentes o futuros, etc.) los investigadores se aferran a la interpretación de los tiempos verbales como deícticos temporales con la tarea básica de ubicar eventos en el tiempo. En este trabajo argumentamos en contra de esta posición y ensayamos una descripción del significado de los tiempos verbales como marcadores evidenciales/modales. A partir de este modelo, analizamos el uso del pretérito perfecto compuesto en la variante rioplatense del español y explicamos las diferentes lecturas que la forma ha recibido en la literatura pertinente (resultativo, admirativo, iterativo, marcador del grado de adhesión del hablante, formalidad) como extensiones de su significado básico evidencial, que describimos como "a partir de la experiencia disponible concluyo/afirmo X"

          Translated abstract

          Although it is widely recognized that people in everyday situations use tense morphemes "atypically" (for example present tense to describe events which are clearly in the past or past tense used to describe present or future events), most researchers insist on the idea that the main task of tense morphology is to encode temporality. In this paper we argue against this received theory of tense and propose instead an interpretation of tense morphemes as evidentiality/modality markers. Moreover, an analysis of the River Plate Spanish Present Perfect Tense is proposed that relies on this interpretation. All meanings attributed to the Present Perfect Tense in the literature (resultative, iterative, mirative, grade of commitment, formality) are explained as extensions of the core evidential meaning, namely, "according to available evidence, I conclude/state X"

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          Most cited references20

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          From Etymology to Pragmatics

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            Elements of symbolic logic

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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Journal
                efilolo
                Estudios filológicos
                Estud. filol.
                Facultad de Filosofía y Humanidades de la Universidad Austral de Chile. (Valdivia )
                0071-1713
                September 2005
                : 0
                : 40
                : 165-188
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidad de Estocolmo Sweden
                Article
                S0071-17132005000100012
                10.4067/S0071-17132005000100012
                fb480bb7-6212-4242-a369-1e5b2c5818d8

                http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                History
                Product

                SciELO Chile

                Self URI (journal page): http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_serial&pid=0071-1713&lng=en
                Categories
                LANGUAGE & LINGUISTICS
                LINGUISTICS
                LITERATURE, ROMANCE

                General linguistics,Romance studies
                evidentiality,modality,tense,aspect,present perfect,Spanish,evidencialidad,modalidad,tiempo,aspecto,pretérito perfecto compuesto,español

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