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Simultaneous triple point-of-care testing for HIV, syphilis and hepatitis B virus to prevent mother-to-child transmission in India.

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      Abstract

      An innovative simultaneous triple point-of-care (STPOC) screening strategy for syphilis, hepatitis B and HIV with Determine(®) tests was offered to pregnant women presenting for antenatal care and evaluated for feasibility and preference in rural India. Of 1066 participants approached, 1046 consented, of which 1002 (96.0%) completed the strategy. Only 9% reported any history of testing in their current pregnancy. With STPOC screening, 989 women (98.7%) tested negative and 13 had preliminary positive results for infection. The total time taken was 45 minutes per participant. Mothers and infants were provided prophylaxis/treatment for HIV, syphilis and hepatitis B, with interventions initiated within 3-5 days. STPOC was preferred by 99.3% (95%CI: 98.8-99.8%) of participants, facilitated early simultaneous screening for the three infections, timely initiation of prophylaxis/treatment and was feasible in this rural setting. These data suggest that multiplexed STPOC screening for syphilis, hepatitis B and HIV in pregnancy would be desirable for women in rural India.

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      Author and article information

      Affiliations
      [1 ] Division of Clinical Epidemiology & Division of Infectious Diseases, McGill University Health Center, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. nitika.pai@mcgill.ca
      Journal
      Int J STD AIDS
      International journal of STD & AIDS
      1758-1052
      0956-4624
      May 2012
      : 23
      : 5
      22648884
      23/5/319
      10.1258/ijsa.2011.011139

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