Objective To investigate the prevalence of bullying and its association with quality of life in Shenzhen middle school students’ and to provide scientific basis for intervention measures.
Methods The study was a cross-sectional study with stratified cluster sampling. The short version of World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF), Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) and Self-completed questionnaires, including demographic characteristics and bullying, were utilized to examine the study objectives. 2 103 school students from Shenzhen were selected to take part in the study during July-October of 2017. Multiple liner regression analysis was used to analyze the association between bullying and quality of life.
Results 418 middle school students (19.9%) suffered bully in the past year. 326 students (15.5%) suffered traditional bullying and 182 students (8. 7%) suffered cyberbullying in the past year. Male students, junior middle school students and those with bad grades as well as bad relationship with family and classmates were more likely to suffer bullying( χ 2 = 8.89, 41.56, 14.83, 23.42, 32.26, 46.75, P<0.05). The prevalence of depression in students with bullying experience was significantly higher than those without bullying. Students with bullying experience reported significantly lower scores than those without bullying experience in physical domain, psychological domain, social relationship domain and environment domain, and the differences were of statistical significance ( t = –7.54, –7.08, –6.88, –6.02, P<0.01).
Conclusion The prevalence of bullying in middle school students was high. It was negatively associated with students’ quality of life. The findings underscore the importance of developing psychological interventions for students with bullying.
【摘要】目的 了解深圳市中学生校园欺凌的流行特征及其与生存质量的相关性, 为制定校园欺凌的干预措施提供 科学依据。 方法 采用分层整群抽样方法, 以世界卫生组织生存质量测定量表简表, 流调中心抑郁量表及自制的一般情况 表为调査工具, 于 2017 年 7 — 10 月对深圳市 2 103名中学生进行问卷调査；采用多元线性回归分析, 探讨中学生经历校园 欺凌与其生存质量的相关性。 结果 418 名中学生（19.9%) 过去 1 年曾经历校园欺凌, 其中 326 名（15.5%) 曾受到传统欺 凌, 182 名（8.7%) 曾经历网络欺凌。男生、初中生、学习成绩差、父母离异、亲子关系及同伴关系差的中学生更易经历校园 欺凌 ( χ 2 值分别为 8.89, 41.56, 14.83, 23.42, 32.26, 46.75, P 值均<0.05)。受校园欺凌的中学生抑郁情绪的发生率髙于未受 校园欺凌的学生, 生存质量生理领域、心理领域、社会关系领域及环境领域得分均低于未受欺凌的学生, 差异均有统计学意 义（ t 值分别为 –7.54, –7.08, –6.88, –6.02, P 值均<0.01)。 结论 中学生校园欺凌的发生率较髙, 欺凌事件使其产生负面情 绪, 降低生存质量。应加强对受欺凌学生心理及生存质量的干预。