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      Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibition Attenuates Hypercholesterolemia and Glomerular Injury in Hyperlipidemic Imai Rats

      a , b , b

      Nephron

      S. Karger AG

      Enalapril, Glomerulosclerosis, Spontaneous hypercholesterolemia

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          Abstract

          Hyperlipidemic Imai rats spontaneously develop hypercholesterolemia, proteinuria and glomerulosclerosis. We investigated the effect of enalapril, an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, on spontaneous hypercholesterolemia and the progressive renal injury in this rat strain. Male Imai rats (n = 7) were treated with enalapril at a dose of 50 mg/l in drinking water starting at 6 weeks of age. Body weight, blood pressure, urinary protein excretion and serum constituents were checked and compared with untreated controls (n = 5) up to 38 weeks of age. Enalapril treatment significantly reduced hypercholesterolemia (247 ± 41 vs. 102 ± 13 mg/d1, p < 0.01, at 38 weeks) and proteinuria (766 ± 290 vs. 206 ± 119 mg/kg/day, p < 0.01, at 38 weeks). The glomerulosclerosis index (SI) was significantly higher in untreated control rats than in the enalapril-treated group (227 ± 57 vs. 27 ± 9, p < 0.01). Although we could not clarify whether hypercholesterolemia is a primary event or secondary to the nephrotic syndrome, these results indicate that the ACE inhibitor has the property to protect remnant glomeruli from glomerulosclerosis in male Imai rats as well as in other animal models in which focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis is believed to represent a common pathologic pattern. This rat strain represents a unique model of a spontaneous proteinuria which can provide an important information on the pathogenesis of human focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1992
          1992
          12 December 2008
          : 62
          : 3
          : 315-321
          Affiliations
          Departments of aInternal Medicine and bPathology, Saga Medical School, Saga, Japan
          Article
          187066 Nephron 1992;62:315–321
          10.1159/000187066
          1436345
          © 1992 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          Original Paper

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