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      Changes in health-related quality of life following coronary artery bypass graft surgery

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          Abstract

          There are limited data to help clinicians identify patients likely to have an improvement in quality of life following CABG surgery. We evaluated the relationship between preoperative health status and changes in quality of life following CABG surgery. We evaluated 1,744 patients enrolled in the VA Cooperative Processes, Structures, and Outcomes in Cardiac Surgery study who completed preoperative and 6-month postoperative Short Form-36 (SF-36) surveys. The primary outcome was change in the Mental Component Summary (MCS) and Physical Component Summary (PCS) scores from the SF-36. On average, physical and mental health status improved following the operation. Preoperative health status was the major determinant of change in quality of life following surgery, independent of anginal burden and other clinical characteristics. Patients with MCS scores less than 44 or PCS scores less than 38 were most likely to have an improvement in quality of life. Patients with higher preoperative scores were unlikely to have an improvement in quality of life. Patients with preoperative health status deficits are likely to have an improvement in their quality of life following CABG surgery. Alternatively, patients with relatively good preoperative health status are unlikely to have a quality of life benefit from surgery and the operation should primarily be performed to improve survival.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
          The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
          Elsevier BV
          00034975
          December 2001
          December 2001
          : 72
          : 6
          : 2026-2032
          Article
          10.1016/S0003-4975(01)03213-1
          11789788
          fb8a87a6-ae47-48e2-83b1-fc6bcc7bd8c1
          © 2001

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