In this study, we measured levels of plasma and urinary adrenomedullin (AM) in 37 patients with chronic glomerulonephritis including minimal change nephrotic syndrome, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis or membranous nephropathy that can induce severe proteinuria. Thirty-nine healthy volunteers were enrolled as controls. Plasma and urinary AM levels were measured by an AM-specific radioimmunoassay. Plasma AM concentrations were higher and urinary AM levels were lower in patients with chronic glomerulonephritis than in healthy volunteers. Patients were divided into two groups according to urinary excretion of protein for 24 h (UPro, g/day) which reflects the disease activity or glomerular damage of the glomerulonephritis (group I: Upro < 1, group II: Upro ≥ 1). Plasma AM levels positively and urinary AM-levels negatively correlated with the degree of proteinuria. These results suggest that plasma and urinary AM levels in patients with chronic glomerulonephritis reflect the disease activity or glomerular damage represented by the degree of proteinuria.