Blog
About

0
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found

      Sialyl Lewis X and Anti-P-Selectin Antibody Attenuate Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Acute Renal Failure in Rabbits

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Background/Aim: Acute renal failure (ARF) is one of the common problems associated with sepsis or multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). We have investigated the effects of inhibiting selectin-mediated cell adhesion on lipopolysaccharide-induced ARF in rabbits, using sialyl Lewis X oligosaccharide and PB1.3, an anti-human P-selectin monoclonal antibody, as inhibitors. Methods: ARF was induced by intravenous administration of lipopolysaccharide (0.3 mg/kg, i.v. bolus injection) to New Zealand White rabbits. Induction of ARF was characterized by increases in blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, and the number of polymorphonuclear leukocytes infiltrating glomeruli, and by fibrin deposition in glomeruli, and tubular dilatation in the kidney. Sialyl Lewis X oligosaccharide (14 mg/kg, i.v. bolus injection immediately before lipopolysaccharide administration and 9 mg/kg/h, i.v. infusion) or PB1.3 (5 mg/kg, i.v. bolus injection before lipopolysaccharide administration), anti-P-selectin antibody, were treated. Results: Treatment with sialyl Lewis X oligosaccharide inhibited the increases in BUN, creatinine, and the number of infiltrating polymorphonuclear leukocytes, and attenuated histopathological impairments. Similarly, treatment with PB1.3 prevented some of the characteristics associated with lipopolysaccharide-induced ARF, not but the increase in creatinine. Conclusion: These results suggest that selectin inhibitors, including sialyl Lewis X oligosaccharide and PB1.3, may provide clinical benefits in the prevention of ARF associated with sepsis and MODS. To our knowledge, this is the first report that P-selectin is directly involved in lipopolysaccharide-induced ARF in rabbits.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 1

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: not found
          • Article: not found

          Adhesion molecules and urinary tumor necrosis factor-α in idiopathic membranous glomerulonephritis

            Bookmark

            Author and article information

            Journal
            NEF
            Nephron
            10.1159/issn.1660-8151
            Nephron
            S. Karger AG
            1660-8151
            2235-3186
            2001
            2001
            21 March 2001
            : 87
            : 4
            : 352-360
            Affiliations
            Sumitomo Pharmaceuticals Research Center, Osaka, Japan
            Article
            45942 Nephron 2001;87:352–360
            10.1159/000045942
            11287780
            © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

            Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

            Page count
            Figures: 6, References: 32, Pages: 9
            Product
            Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/45942
            Categories
            Original Paper

            Comments

            Comment on this article