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      Lipid and Lipoprotein Abnormalities in South African Indian Men with Myocardial Infarction

      , , ,

      Cardiology

      S. Karger AG

      Myocardial infarction, Risk factors, Hyperlipidaemia, Asians

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          Abstract

          The Indian (Asian) population in South Africa has a high rate of coronary artery disease. Fasting serum lipid and lipoprotein levels were measured in 620 consecutive male survivors of myocardial infarction and compared with those of 524 healthy male volunteer controls, and the presence of hypercholesterolaemia and hypertriglyceridaemia in the patient group was related to other non-lipid coronary risk factors. All survivors and controls were below age 61 years. Total cholesterol, triglyceride and low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations varied significantly with age both in patient and control groups, whereas high-density-lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol did not vary with age in either group. Using the 90th-percentile age-adjusted values of controls for total cholesterol (7.1 mmol/l) and triglyceride (3.0 mmol/l) as cut-off points, 287 (46%) survivors were hyperlipidaemic. Hypercholesterolaemia with or without associated hypertriglyceridaemia was the commonest abnormality: 125 (20%) patients showed hypercholesterolaemia without associated hypertriglyceridaemia; 73 (12%) had both hypercholesterolaemia and hypertriglyceridaemia and 89 (14%) hypertriglyceridaemia without associated hypercholesterolaemia. The frequency of hyperlipidaemia did not vary with age. HDL cholesterol levels below 0.66 mmol/l (10th percentile) were observed in 131 (22%) survivors. Obesity was significantly more frequent among hypertriglyceridaemic survivors, whilst diabetes and hypertension were seen more frequently in survivors with combined hypercholesterolaemia and hypertriglyceridaemia. No significant difference was noted in the frequency of smoking and family history of coronary artery disease in hyperlipidaemia and normolipidaemic patients.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          CRD
          Cardiology
          10.1159/issn.0008-6312
          Cardiology
          S. Karger AG
          0008-6312
          1421-9751
          1991
          1991
          12 November 2008
          : 78
          : 4
          : 348-356
          Affiliations
          Ischaemic Heart Disease Clinic, Department of Medicine, R.K. Khan Hospital, and Department of Chemical Pathology, University of Natal Medical School, and Institute for Biostatistics, South African Medical Research Council, Durban, South Africa
          Article
          174816 Cardiology 1991;78:348–356
          10.1159/000174816
          1889054
          © 1991 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 9
          Categories
          Epidemiology and Prevention

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