This study shows significant changes occurring in systolic time intervals in an experimental animal model of aortic outflow obstruction with cardiac hypertrophy. The left ventricular ejection time is markedly prolonged and the preejection period/left ventricular ejection time ratio shortened. These changes are in the opposite direction of those usually observed with left ventricular dysfunction in man but similar to those described in man with aortic stenosis. Furthermore, the changes observed in systolic time intervals after digoxin in this experimental model are not comparable to those reported in man with normal or abnormal left ventricular function. Hence, the use of systolic time intervals, including digitalis effect, to evaluate the functional state of the left ventricle in aortic outflow obstruction are probably unreliable.