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      Anormalidades metabólicas em mulheres com síndrome dos ovários policísticos: obesas e não obesas Translated title: Metabolic abnormalities in polycystic ovary syndrome women: obese and non obese

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          Abstract

          OBJETIVO: Comparar as características metabólicas de mulheres jovens do sudeste brasileiro, obesas e não obesas com síndrome dos ovários policísticos (SOP). MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal que incluiu 218 mulheres de idade reprodutiva com diagnóstico de SOP - 90 mulheres não obesas (IMC entre 18,5 e 29,9 kg/m²) e 128 pacientes obesas (IMC >30 kg/m²), selecionadas no momento do diagnóstico. Foram comparadas as frequências de resistência insulínica (RI), intolerância à glicose (IG), síndrome metabólica (MetS) e diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DM2) e os valores médios de colesterol total (CT), triglicérides (TG), lipoproteínas de alta (LDL) e baixa densidade (HDL), entre as pacientes obesas e não obesas com SOP. Foram comparadas também as características clínicas e hormonais (hormônio folículo estimulante, luteinizante, prolactina, hormônio tireoestimulante, testosterona total, sulfato de dehidroepiandrostenediona e 17-hidroxiprogesterona) nos dois grupos. A análise estatística foi realizada com o auxílio do software SAS 9.0. Para análise das variáveis com distribuição normal, utilizou-se o teste t de Student não pareado; na ausência desta característica, o teste utilizado foi Mann-Whitney bicaudal. Para as variáveis qualitativas utilizou-se o teste Exato de Fisher. Em todas as análises, foi considerado o nível de significância de 5% (p<0,05). RESULTADOS: As frequências de RI, IG e MetS foram significativamente mais elevadas em pacientes com SOP obesas do que não obesas (66,7, 29,9 e 63% versus 24,7, 12,2 e 16.4%, respectivamente). As pacientes obesas apresentaram maiores níveis de CT e TG (189,8±35.8 mg/dL e 145.4±71.1 mg/dL, respectivamente) do que as não obesas (172,1±38.4 mg/dL e 99,3±54 mg/dL, respectivamente). Ambos os grupos apresentaram níveis médios de HDL abaixo de 50 mg/dL. CONCLUSÕES: Mulheres obesas jovens com SOP apresentam maior frequência de RI, IG e SM do que as não obesas. Todavia, a ocorrência dos distúrbios metabólicos é elevada também na pacientes não obesas, sugerindo que a presença da síndrome favoreça o desenvolvimento de comorbidades metabólicas, com potenciais repercussões a médio e longo prazos.

          Translated abstract

          PURPOSE: To compare the metabolic characteristics of obese and non-obese young women with polycystic ovary syndrome (POS) from the Brazilian Southeast. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted on 218 women of reproductive age with a diagnosis of POS - 90 non-obese women (BMI between 18.5 and 29.9 kg/m²), and 128 obese patients (BMI >30 kg/m²) selected at the time of diagnosis. The frequency of insulin resistance (IR), glucose intolerance (GI), metabolic syndrome (MetS) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) and mean values of total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high-density (HDL) and low-density lipoproteins (LDL), were compared between obese and non-obese patients with POS. The two groups were also compared in terms of clinical and hormonal characteristics (follicle stimulating hormone, prolactin, thyroid stimulating hormone, total testosterone, dihydroepiandrostenedione sulfate, and 17-hydroxyprogesterone). Statistical analysis was performed using the SAS 9.0 software. Quantitative variables were compared by the Student´s t-test (data with normal distribution) or by the Mann-Whitney test (non-parametric distribution). Qualitative variables were compared by the Fisher test. The level of significance was set at 5% (p<0.05) in all analyses. RESULTS: The frequency of IR, GI and MetS was significantly higher in obese than non-obese patients with POS (66.7, 29.9, and 63% versus 24.7, 12.2, and 16.4%, respectively). Obese patients had higher TC and TG levels (189.8±35.8 mg/dL and 145.4±71.1 mg/dL, respectively) than non-obese patients (172.1±38.4 mg/dL and 99.3±54 mg/dL, respectively). Both groups had mean HDL levels below 50 mg/dL. CONCLUSIONS: Young obese women with POS have a higher frequency of IR, GI and MS than non-obese. However, the occurrence of metabolic disorders is elevated also in the non-obese patients, suggesting that the presence of the syndrome may favor the development of metabolic comorbidities with potential medium- and long-term repercussions.

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          Most cited references 36

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          Prevalence and Predictors of Risk for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Impaired Glucose Tolerance in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Prospective, Controlled Study in 254 Affected Women

           R S Legro (1999)
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            Insulin resistance and polycystic ovary syndrome.

            Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrine disorders in humans, affecting approximately 7-8% of women of reproductive age. Despite the criteria adopted, PCOS is considered to be a predominantly hyperandrogenetic syndrome and the evaluation of metabolic parameters and insulin sensitivity is not mandatory. Most women with PCOS also exhibit features of the metabolic syndrome, including insulin resistance, obesity and dyslipidaemia. While the association with type 2 diabetes is well established, whether the incidence of cardiovascular disease is increased in women with PCOS remains unclear. Acknowledging the strong impact of insulin-resistance in the genesis of PCOS could be helpful not only to make the diagnosis more robust, but also for conferring better cardiovascular risk prevention. Several current studies support a strong recommendation that women with PCOS should undergo comprehensive evaluation for the metabolic syndrome and recognized cardiovascular risk factors, and receive appropriate treatment as needed. Lifestyle modifications remain the first-line therapy for all obese women with PCOS. However, many of these women do not lose weight easily. Insulin-sensitizing drugs are discussed as a promising and unique therapeutic option for the chronic treatment of PCOS.
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              Assessment of insulin sensitivity/resistance in epidemiological studies.

              Hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp is known to be the "gold standard" in measurement insulin sensitivity. However, its time and financially consuming realization led to a simplified approach in quantification of insulin sensitivity. Various indices of insulin sensitivity/resistance using the data from an oral glucose tolerance test were proposed in last 20 years. The aim of this review is to evaluate critically the use of some of the proposed indices in insulin sensitivity estimation. There are two groups of insulin sensitivity indices: 1. indices calculated by using fasting plasma concentrations of insulin, glucose and triglycerides, 2. indices calculated by using plasma concentrations of insulin and glucose obtained during 120 min of a standard (75 g glucose) oral glucose tolerance test. Some authors used demographic parameters (BMI, age, weight) in their formulas to achieve the best correlation with euglycemic clamp data. These indices are conveniently used in epidemiological and clinical studies to predict diabetes development in a non-diabetic population. Their use in clinical practice is limited because of the absence of reference values for normal and impaired insulin sensitivity.
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                rbgo
                Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
                Rev. Bras. Ginecol. Obstet.
                Federação Brasileira das Sociedades de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia (Rio de Janeiro )
                1806-9339
                June 2011
                : 33
                : 6
                : 310-316
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Universidade de São Paulo Brazil
                [2 ] Universidade de São Paulo Brazil
                [3 ] Universidade de São Paulo Brazil
                [4 ] Universidade de São Paulo Brazil
                [5 ] Universidade de São Paulo Brazil
                Article
                S0100-72032011000600008
                10.1590/S0100-72032011000600008
                fbfe6456-7812-4191-a705-d75503abec32
                Product
                Product Information: website
                Categories
                OBSTETRICS & GYNECOLOGY

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