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      Beta4 integrin and laminin 5 are aberrantly expressed in polycystic kidney disease: role in increased cell adhesion and migration.

      The American Journal of Pathology

      Adult, Blotting, Western, Cell Adhesion, Cell Adhesion Molecules, biosynthesis, genetics, Cell Movement, Cells, Cultured, Epithelial Cells, cytology, metabolism, Female, Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Humans, Immunohistochemistry, Integrin beta4, Kidney, physiology, Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis, Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Dominant, pathology, Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction, Up-Regulation

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          Extracellular matrix alterations have been suggested to be part of the early events occurring in Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD), a disease characterized by formation of renal cysts and progressive renal failure. Here we report that cDNA array analysis identified beta(4) integrin aberrant expression in ADPKD cells. Furthermore, laminin 5 (Ln-5), the main alpha(6)beta(4) integrin ligand, was also found to be abnormally expressed in ADPKD. Studies performed with ADPKD cyst-lining epithelial cells (CC) by comparison with normal tubular cells indicate that integrin alpha(6)beta(4)-Ln-5 interactions are involved in cellular events of potential importance for cystogenesis: 1) laminin 5 is a preferential adhesion substrate for CC, mainly through alpha(6)beta(4) interaction, 2) CC increased haptotactic and chemotactic motility depends on the presence of Ln-5 and requires integrin alpha(3)beta(1) cooperation, and 3) CC haptotactic or chemotactic migration is specifically increased by mAb-mediated beta(4) integrin ligation, through an alpha(3)beta(1) integrin-dependent and independent pathway, respectively. These results highlight the role of Ln-5 and alpha(6)beta(4) integrin in adhesive and motility properties of cyst-lining epithelial cells, and further suggest that integrins and extracellular matrix modifications may be of general relevance to kidney epithelial cell cyst formation.

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