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      Biosimilars and Renal Health Care in the Countries of Central and Eastern Europe

      a , b

      Kidney and Blood Pressure Research

      S. Karger AG

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          PRE-dialysis survey on anaemia management

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            Basic Facts about Biosimilars

            Biotechnological drugs have become an essential part of modern pharmacotherapy and are expected to reach a 50% share in the pharmaceutical market in the next few years. The expiry of patent protection for many original biotechnological medicines has led to the development of what are called biosimilars or follow-on biologics. Biosimilars attempt to copy the original technology leading to the production of innovative biotechnological medicines to obtain a product which is similar to the original one. The first two biosimilars have recently been approved in the European Union and one application was rejected. Many more biosimilars will likely see approval in the near future. Our experience with biosimilars has been very limited to date and long-term safety data including immunogenicity are not available. Although biosimilars will likely lower the cost of modern therapies there are issues which have to be discussed at this stage among physicians regarding in particular the differences between biosimilars and generics of the classical chemical drugs, need for appropriate regulations as well as identification of potential problems with biosimilars. Other specific problems which will also be addressed in this review are safety of biosimilars, pharmacovigilance, automatic substitution, naming and labeling/prescription rules.
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              European regulatory guidelines for biosimilars.

              The impending arrival en masse of biosimilars on Western markets is placing drug regulatory agencies under pressure to realign their policies. Biosimilars require more rigorous assessments than traditional chemical generics. This is because of the molecular complexity of recombinant proteins, and the complexity of biological manufacturing processes. Small differences can arise in a recombinant protein product which are hard or impossible to detect with even state-of-the-art analytical techniques. Yet, these differences can have significant impact on the safety and efficacy of the drug. The European Medicines Agency (EMEA) has taken the lead in issuing guidelines, most of which are still under review. The guidelines advocate pre-clinical and clinical testing of biosimilars prior to market authorization, complemented by tailored pharmacovigilance plans. These guidelines provide a valuable base from which to develop in this evolving regulatory environment.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                KBR
                Kidney Blood Press Res
                10.1159/issn.1420-4096
                Kidney and Blood Pressure Research
                S. Karger AG
                978-3-8055-8396-1
                978-3-8055-8397-8
                1420-4096
                1423-0143
                2007
                August 2007
                27 August 2007
                : 30
                : Suppl 1
                : 2-5
                Affiliations
                aDepartment of Nephrology, 1st Faculty of Medicine, and b2nd Department of Internal Medicine, 3rd Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
                Article
                107093 Kidney Blood Press Res 2007;30:2–5
                10.1159/000107093
                17726335
                © 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel

                Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

                Page count
                Tables: 3, References: 12, Pages: 4
                Categories
                Paper

                Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

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