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      Platelet-Activating Factor Antagonist, SM-12502, Attenuates Experimental Glomerular Thrombosis in Rats

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          Platelet-activating factor (PAF) is involved in many pathologic conditions through its potent proinflammatory and vasoactive effects. Using a specific PAF antagonist, SM-12502, we investigated the role of PAF in rat experimental glomerular thrombosis. In this model, sequential injections of nephrotoxic serum (NTS) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) selectively induce glomerular fibrin deposition accompanied by neutrophil accumulation. SM-12502, when injected simultaneously with either NTS or LPS, strongly inhibited glomerular fibrin deposition in a dose-dependent manner. In contrast, neutrophil invasion was similar in both SM-12502-injected and uninjected rats, suggesting that the antithrombotic effect was not mediated by inhibition of neutrophil migration. However, serum myeloperoxidase activity, a marker of neutrophil activation, was significantly suppressed by treatment with SM-12502. From a previous finding supporting the indispensable role of neutrophils in this model and the current observations, SM-12502 is suggested to attenuate glomerular thrombosis by inhibiting neutrophil activation. Thus, the present findings suggest an involvement of PAF in this glomerular thrombosis model.

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          Inhibition by CV-3988 of the binding of [3H]-platelet activating factor (PAF) to the platelet.

          The inhibitory effects of CV-3988, a specific antagonist of PAF, on the binding of [3H]-PAF to washed platelets of various species including human were examined. The dissociation constant (Kd), binding capacity (Bmax), and the number of receptor/platelet for the specific binding site of rabbit platelets were 2.2 +/- 0.2 nM, 93.7 +/- 8.3 fmoles/10(8) platelets, and 568 +/- 50, respectively. CV-3988 selectively inhibited the specific binding of [3H]-PAF to rabbit platelets with an IC50 of 7.9 X 10(-8) M, and it slightly increased the Kd value (2.5 +/- 0.8 nM) and decreased the binding capacity for PAF (Bmax: 54.3 +/- 16.3 fmoles/10(8) platelets). The Ki value of CV-3988 for the specific binding of [3H]-PAF to rabbit platelets was 1.2 X 10(-7) M. CV-3988 had no effects on the binding of [3H]-5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) to rabbit platelets and on the shape change of the platelet induced by 5-HT. CV-3988 also inhibited the specific binding of [3H]-PAF to human and guinea-pig platelets with IC50 values of 1.6 X 10(-7) and 1.8 X 10(-7) M, respectively. CV-3988 inhibited the PAF-induced aggregation in rabbit, guinea-pig, and human platelets. These findings show that CV-3988 is a specific antagonist of PAF at the receptor site(s) of platelets and, in these species, inhibits PAF-induced platelet aggregation by inhibiting the binding of PAF to the "PAF receptor". No specific binding of [3H]-PAF to the platelet of rats and mice was observed, indicating that these species lack a PAF receptor.

            Author and article information

            S. Karger AG
            16 March 2001
            : 87
            : 3
            : 274-278
            Third Department of Internal Medicine, Gunma University School of Medicine, Maebashi, Gunma, Japan
            45926 Nephron 2001;87:274–278
            © 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel

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            Page count
            Figures: 5, References: 17, Pages: 5
            Self URI (application/pdf): https://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/45926
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