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      Recognition advantage of happy faces in extrafoveal vision: Featural and affective processing

      , ,

      Visual Cognition

      Informa UK Limited

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          Most cited references 33

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          The many faces of configural processing.

          Adults' expertise in recognizing faces has been attributed to configural processing. We distinguish three types of configural processing: detecting the first-order relations that define faces (i.e. two eyes above a nose and mouth), holistic processing (glueing the features together into a gestalt), and processing second-order relations (i.e. the spacing among features). We provide evidence for their separability based on behavioral marker tasks, their sensitivity to experimental manipulations, and their patterns of development. We note that inversion affects each type of configural processing, not just sensitivity to second-order relations, and we review evidence on whether configural processing is unique to faces.
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            Visual search and stimulus similarity.

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              Recognizing emotion from facial expressions: psychological and neurological mechanisms.

               Ralph Adolphs (2002)
              Recognizing emotion from facial expressions draws on diverse psychological processes implemented in a large array of neural structures. Studies using evoked potentials, lesions, and functional imaging have begun to elucidate some of the mechanisms. Early perceptual processing of faces draws on cortices in occipital and temporal lobes that construct detailed representations from the configuration of facial features. Subsequent recognition requires a set of structures, including amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex, that links perceptual representations of the face to the generation of knowledge about the emotion signaled, a complex set of mechanisms using multiple strategies. Although recent studies have provided a wealth of detail regarding these mechanisms in the adult human brain, investigations are also being extended to nonhuman primates, to infants, and to patients with psychiatric disorders.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Visual Cognition
                Visual Cognition
                Informa UK Limited
                1350-6285
                1464-0716
                October 2010
                October 2010
                : 18
                : 9
                : 1274-1297
                Article
                10.1080/13506285.2010.481867
                © 2010

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