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      Suicidal ideation in offenders convicted of child sexual exploitation material offences


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          Understanding the prevalence of suicidal ideation in Child Sexual Exploitation Material (CSEM) offenders and their psychological concerns provides the basis for early treatment and intervention. This research solicited responses ( n = 78) via an anonymous, web‐based survey from adults in the United States previously convicted of CSEM offences. Significant suicidal ideation was present in 73% of respondents ( n = 57), and 19% ( n = 15) reported attempting suicide after they were made aware of an investigation, with 41% ( n = 32) stating they would have been likely to seek counselling if provided a contact. Most of the respondents felt they were not treated with fairness, understanding, and compassion by investigators, and that their primary psychological strains were going to jail and their families finding out. This research highlights the need for more empathetic investigative approaches, as well as the need for more rapid assessment and treatment of proximal suicide risk in this population.

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          The interpersonal theory of suicide.

          Suicidal behavior is a major problem worldwide and, at the same time, has received relatively little empirical attention. This relative lack of empirical attention may be due in part to a relative absence of theory development regarding suicidal behavior. The current article presents the interpersonal theory of suicidal behavior. We propose that the most dangerous form of suicidal desire is caused by the simultaneous presence of two interpersonal constructs-thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness (and hopelessness about these states)-and further that the capability to engage in suicidal behavior is separate from the desire to engage in suicidal behavior. According to the theory, the capability for suicidal behavior emerges, via habituation and opponent processes, in response to repeated exposure to physically painful and/or fear-inducing experiences. In the current article, the theory's hypotheses are more precisely delineated than in previous presentations (Joiner, 2005), with the aim of inviting scientific inquiry and potential falsification of the theory's hypotheses. PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved.
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            Cross-national prevalence and risk factors for suicidal ideation, plans and attempts.

            Suicide is a leading cause of death worldwide; however, the prevalence and risk factors for the immediate precursors to suicide - suicidal ideation, plans and attempts - are not wellknown, especially in low- and middle-income countries. To report on the prevalence and risk factors for suicidal behaviours across 17 countries. A total of 84 850 adults were interviewed regarding suicidal behaviours and socio-demographic and psychiatric risk factors. The cross-national lifetime prevalence of suicidal ideation, plans, and attempts is 9.2% (s.e.=0.1), 3.1% (s.e.=0.1), and 2.7% (s.e.=0.1). Across all countries, 60% of transitions from ideation to plan and attempt occur within the first year after ideation onset. Consistent cross-national risk factors included being female, younger, less educated, unmarried and having a mental disorder. Interestingly, the strongest diagnostic risk factors were mood disorders in high-income countries but impulse control disorders in low- and middle-income countries. There is cross-national variability in the prevalence of suicidal behaviours, but strong consistency in the characteristics and risk factors for these behaviours. These findings have significant implications for the prediction and prevention of suicidal behaviours.
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              The necessary and sufficient conditions of therapeutic personality change.


                Author and article information

                Behav Sci Law
                Behav Sci Law
                Behavioral Sciences & the Law
                John Wiley and Sons Inc. (Hoboken )
                18 January 2022
                May-Jun 2022
                : 40
                : 3 ( doiID: 10.1002/bsl.v40.3 )
                : 365-378
                [ 1 ] University of Edinburgh Edinburgh UK
                [ 2 ] MS 2B5 George Mason University Fairfax Virginia USA
                Author notes
                [*] [* ] Correspondence

                Chad M. S. Steel, MS 2B5, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA 22030, USA.

                Email: c.m.s.steel@ 123456sms.ed.ac.uk

                © 2022 The Authors. Behavioral Sciences & The Law published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

                This is an open access article under the terms of the http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/ License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.

                : 07 December 2021
                : 14 July 2021
                : 28 December 2021
                Page count
                Figures: 2, Tables: 2, Pages: 14, Words: 7468
                Research Article
                Research Articles
                Custom metadata
                May/June 2022
                Converter:WILEY_ML3GV2_TO_JATSPMC version:6.2.0 mode:remove_FC converted:07.10.2022

                child pornography,child sexual exploitation material,suicidal ideation,suicide


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