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      Ocular Biometry in Acute and Chronic Angle-Closure Glaucoma

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          Aim: To evaluate the biometric difference between eyes with acute angle-closure (AAC) attack, their uninvolved fellow eyes and eyes with chronic angle-closure glaucoma (CACG). Methods: Patients with prior laser iridotomy on both eyes for unilateral AAC attack or CACG were recruited. We compared ocular biometric parameters by A-scan ultrasonography of the acutely affected eyes with those of the uninvolved fellow eyes and with eyes affected by CACG. Results: Thirty-three patients with unilateral AAC attack and 41 patients with CACG were included. The eyes with AAC attack had a significantly shallower anterior chamber depth (ACD), thicker lens, shorter axial length, higher lens/axial length factor and more anteriorly positioned lens than the eyes with CACG. The uninvolved fellow eyes had a significantly shallower ACD, shorter axial length and higher lens/axial length factor compared with the eyes with CACG. Acutely affected eyes had a shallower ACD and more anteriorly positioned lens than did the uninvolved fellow eyes. Conclusion: Eyes with AAC attack had a more crowded anterior segment compared with uninvolved fellow eyes and those affected by CACG. In addition to ACD, relative lens size, represented by the lens/axial length factor, and relative lens position appear to play important roles in the development of AAC attack.

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          Most cited references 8

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          Aetiology of the anatomical basis for primary angle-closure glaucoma. Biometrical comparisons between normal eyes and eyes with primary angle-closure glaucoma.

           Sarah R Lowe (1970)
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            Ultrasound biomicroscopic and conventional ultrasonographic study of ocular dimensions in primary angle-closure glaucoma.

            To determine the biometric findings of ocular structures in primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG). An observational case series with comparisons among three groups (patients with acute/intermittent PACG [A/I-PACG], patients with chronic PACG [C-PACG], and normal subjects [N]). A total of 54 white patients with PACG (13 male, 41 female) were studied: 10 with acute, 22 with intermittent, and 22 with chronic types of PACG. Forty-two normal white subjects (11 male, 31 female) were studied as control subjects. Only one eye was considered in each patient or subject. Ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) and standardized A-scan ultrasonography (immersion technique) were performed in each patient during the same session or within 1 to 3 days. The following A-scan parameters were measured: anterior chamber depth (ACD), lens thickness (LT), axial length (AL), lens/axial length factor (LAF), and relative lens position (RLP). Ten UBM parameters were measured, the most important of which were anterior chamber angle, trabecular-ciliary process distance (TCPD), angle opening distance at 500 microm from the scleral spur (AOD 500), and scleral-ciliary process angle (SCPA). Compared to normal subjects, the patients with PACG presented a shorter AL (A/I-PACG = 22.31 +/- 0.83 mm, C-PACG = 22.27 +/- 0.94 mm, N = 23.38 +/- 1.23 mm), a shallower ACD (A/I-PACG = 2.41 +/- 0.25 mm, C-PACG = 2.77 +/- 0.31 mm, N = 3.33 +/- 0.31 mm), a thicker lens (A/I-PACG = 5.10 +/- 0.33 mm, C-PACG = 4.92 +/- 0.27 mm, N = 4.60 +/- 0.53 mm), and a more anteriorly located lens (RLP values, A/I-PACG = 2.22 +/- 0.12, C-PACG = 2.34 +/- 0.16, N = 2.41 +/- 0.15). The LAF values in A/I-PACG, C-PACG, and N were 2.28 +/- 012, 2.20 +/- 0.11, and 1.97 +/- 0.12, respectively. Anterior chamber angle (A/I-PACG = 11.72 +/- 8.84, C-PACG = 19.87 +/- 9.83, N = 31.29 +/- 9.18 degrees) and SCPA (A/I-PACG = 28.71 +/- 4.02, C-PACG = 30.87 +/- 6.04, N = 53.13 +/- 9.58 degrees) were narrower, TCPD (A/I-PACG = 0.61 +/- 0.12 mm, C-PACG = 0.71 +/- 0.14 mm, N = 1.08 +/- 0.22 mm) and AOD 500 shorter (A/I-PACG = 0.13 +/- 0.09 mm, C-PACG = 0.21 +/- 0.10 mm, N = 0.36 +/- 0.11 mm) in patients with PACG. All the biometric differences proved statistically significant using the one-way analysis-of-variance test. In patients with PACG, the anterior segment is more crowded because of the presence of a thicker, more anteriorly located lens. The UBM confirms this crowding of the anterior segment, showing the forward rotation of the ciliary processes. A gradual progressive shift in anatomic characteristics is discernible on passing from normal to chronic PACG and then to acute/intermittent PACG eyes.
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              Ocular dimensions in the heredity of angle-closure glaucoma.


                Author and article information

                S. Karger AG
                October 2007
                22 October 2007
                : 221
                : 6
                : 388-394
                aDepartment of Ophthalmology, Mackay Memorial Hospital, bMackay Medicine, Nursing and Management College, cNational Taiwan University and dTaipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan (ROC)
                107498 Ophthalmologica 2007;221:388–394
                © 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel

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                Figures: 1, Tables: 3, References: 26, Pages: 7
                Original Paper


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