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      Lack of Bradykinin-lnduced Smooth Muscle Cell Hyperpolarization despite Heterocellular Dye Coupling and Endothelial Cell Hyperpolarization in Porcine Ciliary Artery

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          Abstract

          In porcine coronary artery, bradykinin-induced endothelium-dependent vasodilatations are associated with simultaneous endothelium as well as endothelium-dependent smooth muscle cell (SMC) hyperpolarizations. In contrast, in porcine ciliary artery bradykinin evokes endothelium-dependent relaxations, but no change in SMC membrane potential. This study addresses the question of whether the lack of bradykinin-induced SMC hyperpolarization is also associated with an absence of endothelial hyperpolarization in porcine ciliary artery. With a microelectrode to impale cells in arterial strips, a 12-mV transient bradykinin-induced hyperpolarization was measured in endothelial cells. Bradykinin evoked no SMC hyperpolarization deep in the media. Only occasionally, a slight 4-mV hyperpolarization could be recorded in some SMC next to the endothelium. The endothelial intracellular injection (through the recording electrode) of the fluorescent tracers, lucifer yellow or ethidium bromide, showed the existence of a heterocellular dye coupling between endothelial cells and SMC. These observations in porcine ciliary artery demonstrate that the lack of bradykinin-induced endothelium-dependent SMC hyperpolarization is not due to an absence of endothelial cell hyperpolarization, but most likely to an insufficient electrotonic propagation space constant from endothelial cells to SMC, despite the presence of a dye coupling between these cells.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1997
          1997
          24 September 2008
          : 34
          : 5
          : 344-350
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Zoology and Animal Biology, Sciences III, Geneva University, Geneva, and bLaboratory of Ocular Pharmacology and Physiology, University Eye Clinic Basel, Switzerland
          Article
          159243 J Vasc Res 1997;34:344–350
          10.1159/000159243
          9349728
          © 1997 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 7
          Categories
          Research Paper

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