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      Behavior of Antibody Profile against Hepatitis C Virus in Patients on Maintenance Hemodialysis

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          Abstract

          The prevalence of anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) in dialysis setting is still a nonstandard datum. In particular, it is not known of the phenomenon is stable or increasing or decreasing, even in a given geographical area. We studied the behavior of anti-HCV prevalence during a 12-month follow-up in 415 hemodialysis patients treated at a single institution and belonging to a limited geographical area with standard HCV endemic. Point prevalence of anti-HCV has shown a tendency to growth linked in part of the incidence of infection, in part to new positivities in patients already on dialysis treatment. More than 50% of the new HCV-positive patients, had no history of classical parenteral transmission of the virus. These findings suggest that HCV infection is a phenomenon on the increase in dialysis units and that dialysis treatment emerges as an independent risk factor in contracting infection.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          NEF
          Nephron
          10.1159/issn.1660-8151
          Nephron
          S. Karger AG
          978-3-8055-5621-7
          978-3-318-01691-8
          1660-8151
          2235-3186
          1992
          1992
          11 December 2008
          : 61
          : 3
          : 260-262
          Affiliations
          aDepartment of Nephrology and Dialysis, bBlood Transfusion Service and cDepartment of Infectious Diseases, University of Modena, Italy
          Article
          186898 Nephron 1992;61:260–262
          10.1159/000186898
          1323767
          © 1992 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 3
          Categories
          A Special Issue on Virus Hepatitis and the Kidney

          Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology

          Hepatitis C virus, Risk factor, Prevalence, Hemodialysis

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