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      Resilience to loss and chronic grief: A prospective study from preloss to 18-months postloss.

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          Abstract

          The vast majority of bereavement research is conducted after a loss has occurred. Thus, knowledge of the divergent trajectories of grieving or their antecedent predictors is lacking. This study gathered prospective data on 205 individuals several years prior to the death of their spouse and at 6- and 18-months postloss. Five core bereavement patterns were identified: common grief, chronic grief, chronic depression, improvement during bereavement, and resilience. Common grief was relatively infrequent, and the resilient pattern most frequent. The authors tested key hypotheses in the literature pertaining to chronic grief and resilience by identifying the preloss predictors of each pattern. Chronic grief was associated with preloss dependency and resilience with preloss acceptance of death and belief in a just world.

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          Cluster Analysis

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            SYMPTOMATOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT OF ACUTE GRIEF

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              On the ambivalence-indifference problem in attitude theory and measurement: A suggested modification of the semantic differential technique.

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
                Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
                American Psychological Association (APA)
                1939-1315
                0022-3514
                2002
                2002
                : 83
                : 5
                : 1150-1164
                Article
                10.1037/0022-3514.83.5.1150
                12416919
                fd521c15-af85-46b1-bef1-a549ffa795ab
                © 2002
                History

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