The intensification of agricultural production to meet the growing demand for agricultural commodities is increasing the use of chemicals. The ability of soils to transport dissolved chemicals depends on both the soil’s texture and structure. Assessment of the transport of dissolved chemicals (solutes) through soils is performed using breakthrough curves (BTCs) where the application of a solute at one site and its appearance over time at another are recorded. Obtaining BTCs from laboratory studies is extremely expensive and time- and labour-consuming. Visible–near-infrared (vis–NIR) spectroscopy is well recognized for its measurement speed and for its low data acquisition cost and can be used for quantitative estimation of basic soil properties such as clay and organic matter. In this study, for the first time ever, vis–NIR spectroscopy was used to predict dissolved chemical breakthrough curves obtained from tritium transport experiments on a large variety of intact soil columns. Averaged across the field, BTCs were estimated with a high degree of accuracy. So, with vis-NIR spectroscopy, the mass transport of dissolved chemicals can be measured, paving the way for next-generation measurements and monitoring of dissolved chemical transport by spectroscopy.