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      Relationship between parental rearing style and emotional and behavioral problems of 3–6-year-old children


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          Objective To understand emotional and behavioral problems of children aged 3–6 years, and to explore the role of parenting style in the development of those problems.

          Methods A total of 2 278 children from 11 public kindergartens in Tongling City from April to June 2018 were selected by cluster sampling method. The questionnaire was made up by parents. The questionnaire mainly included: children, basic information of parents and children, children’ s psychology and behavior, and parents’ education style, etc.

          Results Among 2 278 children, 192(8.43%) had abnormal emotional symptoms, 214 (9.39%) had conduct problems, 376(16.50%) had hyperactivity problems, 537(23.57%) had peer problems, 233(10.2%) had abnormal total difficulty scores and 254(11.15%) had prosocial behaviors. Gender, age, health status of the child, second-hand smoke exposure of the baby, parents’ education level, family economic conditions, and parents’ education mode are all the influencing factors of children’ s emotion and behavior( P<0.05). Logistic analysis showed that father’ s support participation ( OR = 0.96, 95% CI = 0.95-0.98), mother’ s support participation ( OR = 0.94, 95% CI =0.92-0.95), mother’ s hostility compulsion ( OR =1.08, 95% CI =1.06-1.10) and 3–6-year-old children’ s abnormal mood and behavior were correlated ( P<0.01).

          Conclusion Parental support and maternal hostile are related to emotional and behavioral problems of 3–6-year-old children.


          【摘要】 目的 研究 3~6 岁儿童情绪与行为发生情况及父母教养方式的作用, 为早期开展心理行为干预和促进儿童 心理发育提供参考。 方法 采取整群抽样方法, 于 2018 年 4一6 月从铜陵市城区抽取 11 所幼儿园, 共调查在园儿童 2 278 名, 问卷主要包括父母和儿童基本情况、儿童心理和行为情况以及父母教养方式等。 结果 2 278 名儿童中, 情绪症状异常 192 人 (8.43%), 品行问题异常 214 人 (9.39%), 多动注意不能异常 376 人 (16.50%), 同伴交往异常 537 人 (23.57%), 困难 总分异常 233 人 (10.2%), 亲社会行为 254 人 (11.15%)。单因素分析显示, 性别、年龄、儿童出生健康状况、儿童二手烟暴 露、父母文化程度、家庭经济条件、父母教养方式均是儿童情绪与行为的影响因素 ( P 值均<0.05)。Logistic 回归分析显示, 教养方式中父亲支持/参与 ( OR = 0.96, 95% CI=0.95~0.98)、母亲支持/参与 ( OR = 0.94, 95% CI=0.92~0.95)、母亲敌意强制 ( OR =1.08, 95% CI=1.06~1.10) 与 3~6 岁儿童情绪与行为异常的关联有统计学意义 ( P 值均<0.01)。 结论 教养方式中 父母亲支持参与、母亲敌意强制与 3~6 岁儿童情绪与行为异常关联。

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          Author and article information

          Chinese Journal of School Health
          Chinese Journal of School Health (China )
          01 May 2020
          01 May 2020
          : 41
          : 5
          : 700-703
          [1] 1Maternal and Child Health Care Hosptital of Tongling, Tongling (244000), Anhui Province, China
          © 2020 Chinese Journal of School Health

          This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License (CC BY-NC 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/.

          Self URI (journal-page): http://www.cjsh.org.cn
          Journal Article

          Ophthalmology & Optometry,Pediatrics,Nutrition & Dietetics,Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry,Public health
          Regression analysis,Education,Behavior,Methods,Emotions,Mental health,Child


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