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      Histometría de la glándula sublingual de ratones (Mus musculus) machos y hembras infectados con la cepa RAL del parásito de Chagas, Trypanosoma cruzi

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          Abstract

          Analizamos morfológica e histométricamente la glándula sublingual de ratones infectados con la cepa RAL del Trypanosoma cruzi, en machos y hembras. Usamos ratones albinos (Mus musculus), variedad Swiss, inoculados con 2x104 tripomastigotes sanguíneos de la cepa RAL del T. cruzi.. Sacrificamos los animales en el pico de la parasitemia (12º día) y fijamos las glándulas sublinguales en ALFAC. Los cortes histológicos teñidos con HE fueron evaluados histométricamente (cariometría y estereología). La parasitemia fue más elevada en las hembras. Histopatológicamente, los "ácinos" (acini) de los animales infectados eran menores, con escasa secreción, y conductos estriados menores. Los núcleos de las "medialunas" eran menores y había nidos de amastigotes en el citoplasma. Cariométricamente, los núcleos de los ácinos, medialunas y conductos estriados eran menores en los ratones infectados. Estereológicamente, los volúmenes relativos ocupados por ácinos y conductos estriados fueron menores e, inversamente, fue mayor el volumen para el tejido conjuntivo de los machos infectados. Las densidades de superficie de ácinos y conductos fueron mayores, y el diámetro y el espesor de la pared menores, en este grupo. Por otro lado, la densidad de ácinos fue menor, y las de los conductos estriados y tejido conjuntivo, fueron mayores en las hembras infectadas. Las densidades de superficie de ácinos y conductos estriados fueron mayores, mientras que el diámetro y espesor de la pared de los ácinos fueron menores (y las de los conductos estriados mayores), en este grupo. La cepa RAL del T. cruzi causó un cuadro general de atrofia general en la glándula sublingual, con numerosos nidos de parásitos.

          Translated abstract

          Histometry of the sublingual gland in male and female mice (Mus musculus) infected with the RAL strain of the Chagas parasite, Trypanosoma cruzi. The aim of this work was to analyze histologically and histometrically the sublingual gland of mice infected with the RAL strain of T. cruzi, according to the sex. Swiss mice (Mus musculus) were inoculated with 2x104 blood trypomastigotes of the RAL strain of T. cruzi. in the peak of the parasitemia (12th day) the mice were sacrificed, and the sublingual glands were fixed in ALFAC. HE-stained histological sections were evaluated histometrically. The parasitemia was higher in females. Histopatologically, acini of the infected animals were smaller, with scanty production of secretion, and smaller striated ducts. The nuclei of the demilunes were smaller and showed amastigote nests in the cytoplasm. Karyometrically, nuclei of the acini, demilunes and striated ducts were smaller in the infected mice. Stereologically, it was observed that relative volumes of acini and ducts were smaller and, inversely, relative volumen were greater for the conjunctive tissue in the infected males. The surface densities of acini and ducts were bigger and the diameter and thickness of the wall were smaller in this group. On the other hand, relative volume of acini was smaller and those of the ducts and conjunctive tissue were bigger in the infected females. The diameter and thickness of the wall of acini were smaller, and those of the striated ducts were bigger in this group. The RAL strain of T. cruzi caused general atrophy in the sublingual gland, with numerous nests of parasites in the glandular parenchyma. Rev. Biol. Trop. 56 (2): 459-471. Epub 2008 June 30.

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          Most cited references 79

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          Therapeutic activity and criterion of cure on mice experimentally infected with Trypanosoma cruzi

           Brener,  Z Brener (1962)
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            Tissue tropism of different Trypanosoma cruzi strains.

            A systematic study of the distribution of intracellular parasites in the organs and tissues was performed in groups of mice inoculated with 4 different Trypanosoma cruzi strains. An extremely high parasitism of spleen, liver, and bone marrow was observed in mice inoculated with Y and Berenice strains; with CL strain, however, parasites were almost absent in those organs. Bloodstream forms apparently present differences which facilitate or prevent their uptake by macrophages from the mononuclear phagocytic system. Parasitism of the smooth muscle from hollow organs was significantly higher with ABC and Berenice strains than with Y and CL. The importance of the distribution of intracellular stages in the pathogenesis of the disease is discussed.
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              Comparative studies of different strains of Trypanosoma cruzi

               Z Brener,  E.D. Brener (1965)
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Role: ND
                Journal
                rbt
                Revista de Biología Tropical
                Rev. biol. trop
                Universidad de Costa Rica (San José )
                0034-7744
                June 2008
                : 56
                : 2
                : 459-471
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Facultad de Ciencias Farmacéuticas de Ribeirão Preto Brazil
                [2 ] Universidade de Franca Brazil
                [3 ] Universidade de São Paulo Brazil
                Article
                S0034-77442008000200005
                Product
                Product Information: website
                Categories
                Biodiversity Conservation
                Biology

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