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      Feeding habit of the Brazilian tapir, Tapirus terrestris (Perissodactyla: Tapiridae) in a vegetation transition zone in south-eastern Brazil

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      Zoologia (Curitiba)
      Sociedade Brasileira de Zoologia
      Diet, Psidium, seasonality, Serra do Caraça

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          Abstract

          Tapirs are considered generalist herbivores and the differences in the proportions of dietary items are often attributed to differences in the habitats where individuals live. This study characterized the feeding habit of Tapirus terrestris (Linnaeus, 1758) in a nature reserve in south-eastern Brazil, located in a region considered a transition zone between the Cerrado (Brazilian savanna) and the Atlantic Forest biomes. Fecal samples from T. terrestris individuals were collected monthly at six sampling areas that encompassed a total of 242.22 ha. There were 147 fresh samples found (77 during the dry season and 70 during the wet season). The diet of the tapirs in this reserve was characterized by the prevalent browsing on leaves and stems. There was a low frequency of fruit seeds in the diet of the tapirs during both the wet and dry seasons. However, in the dry season a higher percentage of samples containing seeds was observed. Fruits of Rubiaceae, Solanaceae, and Annonaceae were most consumed during the dry season. Most of the fruit seeds found presented small mean diameter (3.7-8.4 mm) and most of the fruits were capsules and dry fruits. The characteristics of the fruits consumed by the tapirs indicate that they forage in the lower forest stratum and upon species from Cerrado. Additionally, Psidium myrtoides O. Berg. clusters found in the study site suggest that the tapirs may be acting as dispersal agents of this species.

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          Biostatistical Analysis

          Designed for one/two-semester, junior/graduate-level courses in Biostatistics, Biometry, Quantitative Biology, or Statistics, the latest edition of this best-selling biostatistics text is both comprehensive and easy to read. It provides a broad and practical overview of the statistical analysis methods used by researchers to collect, summarize, analyze, and draw conclusions from biological research data. The Fourth Edition can serve as either an introduction to the discipline for beginning students or a comprehensive procedural reference for today's practitioners.
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            Ecology of Seed Dispersal

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              Caracterização climática do Estado de Minas Gerais

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                zool
                Zoologia (Curitiba)
                Zoologia (Curitiba)
                Sociedade Brasileira de Zoologia (Curitiba, PR, Brazil )
                1984-4670
                1984-4689
                June 2009
                : 26
                : 2
                : 251-254
                Affiliations
                [01] Belo Horizonte Minas gerais orgnamePontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais orgdiv1Programa de Pós-graduação em Zoologia de Vertebrados Brasil
                Article
                S1984-46702009000200007 S1984-4670(09)02600207
                10.1590/S1984-46702009000200007
                fe53db9f-637c-43a2-8783-e183d67a950a

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 28, Pages: 4
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                Product Information: website
                Categories
                Ecology

                Ecology
                Diet,Psidium,seasonality,Serra do Caraça
                Ecology
                Diet, Psidium, seasonality, Serra do Caraça

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