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      Effect of Hemifield Stimulation on Simultaneous Steady-State Pattern Reversal Electroretinogram and Visual Evoked Response

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          Steady-state pattern reversal electroretinograms (PERG) and pattern reversal visual evoked responses (PVER) were recorded simultaneously in 4 normal subjects using hemifield stimulation of the upper/lower and nasal/temporal conditions with 95 and 60% stimulus contrasts. A square-wave checkerboard pattern (check size 40 min of arc) was used. The temporal frequency (reversal rate) was 6 Hz (12 reversals/s). With nasal/temporal hemifield stimulation, neither the PERG nor the PVER amplitudes differed significantly with either stimulus contrast. With the upper/lower hemifield stimulation, PERG amplitudes were not significantly different; PVER showed a significantly larger amplitude for lower than for upper hemifield stimulation with both contrasts (ANOVA test: p = 0.0064, 95% contrast; p = 0.0018, 60% contrast). PVER amplitudes recorded with lower hemifield stimulation were 2.05 and 2.63 times larger than those elicited with upper hemifield stimulation, for the 95 and 60% contrasts, respectively. The difference in response to the upper/lower hemifield stimulation, observed only in PVER, suggests that the lower stimulus field dominancy may be processed in a visual pathway proximal to the retinal level.

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          Author and article information

          Ophthalmic Res
          Ophthalmic Research
          S. Karger AG
          11 December 2009
          : 25
          : 2
          : 119-127
          aDepartment of Ophthalmology, bSchepens Eye Research Institute, Harvard Medical School; cRetina Associates, Boston, Mass., USA; dDepartment of Ophthalmology, Tokyo Women’s Medical College, Tokyo, Japan
          267274 Ophthalmic Res 1993;25:119–127
          © 1993 S. Karger AG, Basel

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          Pages: 9
          Original Paper


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