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      Visions of concord: Wild animals and the Garden of the Revolution (Jardin des Plantes menagerie, 1793-c. 1820)

      Journal for the History of Environment and Society

      Brepols Publishers

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          Abstract

          The Jardin des Plantes menagerie was established in the context of the French Revolution in opposition to princely and commercial menageries. Considered by historians as the first zoological garden, it would become a model, inspiring the foundation of other, powerful institutions, such as the London Zoo (1828). Its designers intended to resolve old tensions regarding the status of wild animals and to build more symmetrical relationships with them. This article aims to shed additional light on this movement, from the revolutionary seizures of animals deposited at the National Museum of Natural History to the construction of the first permanent building erected for the ‘ferocious beasts’ (1818-1821). Taking into account the animal side of history, in line with the recent animal turn, it posits that the designers of the Jardin des Plantes menagerie reinforced precisely the carceral constraints some of them intended to renounce. In so doing, they determined and shaped modes of interacting with nonhuman animals that, ever since, have continued to permeate our relationships with them.

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          Why and how should we use environmental enrichment to tackle stereotypic behaviour?

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            Le développement du Muséum national d’histoire naturelle de Paris au cours de la seconde moitié du xix e siècle: “se transformer ou périr”

             C. SCHNITTER (1996)
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              Green Imperialism: Colonial Expansion, Tropical Island Edens and the Origins of Environmentalism, 1600-1860

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                jhes
                jhes
                Journal for the History of Environment and Society
                Brepols Publishers
                2506-6730
                January 2019
                : 4
                : 11-40
                Article
                10.1484/J.JHES.5.120674

                Open-access

                Product
                Self URI (journal page): https://www.brepolsonline.net/loi/jhes

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