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      Substance P enhances cytokine-induced vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) expression on cultured rheumatoid fibroblast-like synoviocytes.

      Clinical and Experimental Immunology

      biosynthesis, Antigens, CD40, Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1, pharmacology, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha, immunology, drug effects, cytology, Synovial Membrane, Substance P, genetics, analysis, Receptors, Tachykinin, RNA, Messenger, Interleukin-1, Interferon-gamma, Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1, Humans, Histocompatibility Antigens Class II, Flow Cytometry, Fibroblasts, Drug Interactions, Arthritis, Rheumatoid, Antigens, CD80, Antigens, CD58

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          Abstract

          Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation of the synovial membrane of multiple joints. This inflammatory microenvironment allows fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) to express or enhance several adhesion or costimulatory molecules. This phenotypic shift, under proinflammatory cytokines, seems to be related to functional consequences for antigen presentation to T cells. The sensory neuropeptide substance P (SP), present at high levels, is able to act on FLS proliferation and enzyme secretion. These data led us to investigate whether SP could also provoke a phenotypic change of FLS. Using flow cytometry and a three-step cellular ELISA method, we determined whether SP has an influence on the expression of MHC class II, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), VCAM-1, LFA-3, CD40, B7.1 or B7.2 molecules on RA FLS incubated with interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) or IL-1beta or tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) with or without SP. Our results indicate that SP potentiates the effect of proinflammatory cytokines on the expression of VCAM-1 on RA FLS. We verified the presence of specific SP (NK1) receptor mRNA. Using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, we showed that RA FLS of patients express NK1 receptor mRNA. These results suggest that SP increase of cytokine-induced VCAM-1 expression acts via this specific SP receptor. Thus, during chronic inflammation RA FLS are at the interface between the immune and the nervous systems.

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          9717978
          1905034

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