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      Role of Sport Activity on Quality of Life in Charcot-Marie-Tooth 1A Patients.

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          Abstract

          The present study aims to investigate the benefits induced by physical activity/practiced sport in Charcot-Marie-Tooth 1A (CMT1A). Patients were divided into sport and no-sport groups according to their sports performance habit. Thirty-one patients were enrolled, of which 14 practiced sports and 17 did not. Clinical assessments were administered to evaluate disability, self-esteem, depression, quality of life, and pain. Statistical analysis revealed significant differences in terms of gender in the no-sport group compared to the sport group (p = 0.04). Regarding the quality of life, physical function (p = 0.001), general health (p = 0.03), social function (p = 0.04), and mental health (p = 0.006) showed better patterns in the sport group than no-sport group. Moreover, neuropathic pain was reduced in the sport group according to the Neuropathic Pain Symptom Inventory (p = 0.001) and ID-PAIN (p = 0.03). The other administered questionnaires showed no significant differences. Our study confirms that CMT1A patients, who practice sports, with a similar severity of disability, may have a better physical quality of life while suffering less neuropathic pain than their peers who do not practice sports. Results recommend the prescription of sport in CMT1A patients.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          J Clin Med
          Journal of clinical medicine
          MDPI AG
          2077-0383
          2077-0383
          Nov 28 2022
          : 11
          : 23
          Affiliations
          [1 ] UOC Neuroriabilitazione ad Alta Intensità, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, 00168 Rome, Italy.
          [2 ] Department of Geriatrics and Orthopaedics, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, 00168 Rome, Italy.
          [3 ] Nemo Sud Clinical Centre for Neuromuscular Disorders, 98125 Messina, Italy.
          [4 ] Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Unit of Neurology, University of Messina, 98100 Messina, Italy.
          [5 ] Department of Aging, Neurological, Orthopaedic and Head-Neck Sciences, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, 00168 Rome, Italy.
          [6 ] UOS Psicologia Clinica, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, 00168 Rome, Italy.
          [7 ] UOS Riabilitazione Post-Acuzie, Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, 00168 Rome, Italy.
          [8 ] Department of Neuroscience, University of Padua, 35121 Padua, Italy.
          [9 ] Unit of Neurology, Department of Emergency, P.O. Piemonte, IRCCS Centro Neurolesi "Bonino-Pulejo", 98124 Messina, Italy.
          Article
          jcm11237032
          10.3390/jcm11237032
          9740468
          36498606
          fe8f8058-3ec7-4591-ac3e-b3ccdb905a46
          History

          Charcot-Marie-Tooth,neuropathic pain,personalized medicine,quality of life,rehabilitation,sport

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