Current treatment options for patients with stage 5 chronic kidney disease before dialysis (predialysis CKD-5) are determined by individual circumstances, economic factors, and the doctor’s advice. This study aimed to explore the plasma metabolic traits of patients with predialysis CKD-5 compared with maintenance hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, to learn more about the impact of the dialysis process on the blood environment.
Our study enrolled 31 predialysis CKD-5 patients, 31 HD patients, and 30 PD patients. Metabolite profiling was performed using a targeted metabolomics platform by applying an ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method, and the subsequent comparisons among all three groups were made to explore metabolic alterations.
Cysteine metabolism was significantly altered between predialysis CKD-5 patients and both groups of dialysis patients. A disturbance in purine metabolism was the most extensively changed pathway identified between the HD and PD groups. A total of 20 discriminating metabolites with large fluctuations in plasma concentrations were screened from the group comparisons, including 2-keto-D-gluconic acid, kynurenic acid, s-adenosylhomocysteine, L-glutamine, adenosine, and nicotinamide.
Our study provided a comprehensive metabolomics evaluation among predialysis CKD-5, HD, and PD patients, which described the disturbance of metabolic pathways, discriminating metabolites and their possible biological significances. The identification of specific metabolites related to dialysis therapy might provide insights for the management of advanced CKD stages and inform shared decision-making.