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      Endothelin Receptor Regulation by Endothelin Synthesis in Vascular Smooth Muscle Cells: Effects of Dexamethasone and Phosphoramidon

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          Abstract

          One of the major biological effects of the endothelium-derived peptide endothelin-1 (ET-1) is its receptor-mediated constrictive action on vascular smooth muscle. In this study, we have examined the effects on the ET-1 pathway of 18 h exposure at 37°C of cultured rat aortic smooth muscle cells to dexamethasone (DEX) and phosphoramidon. ET-1 synthesis was evaluated by radioimmunoassay, ET-1 binding characteristics were determined with [<sup>125</sup>I]iodo-ET-1, and ET-1-induced intracellular calcium mobilization was measured using fura-2-loaded cells. DEX (100 n M) led to a 2- to 3-fold-increase of ET-1 production, it down-regulated ET-1 receptors and reduced ET-1-stimulated calcium mobilization by 70%. In contrast, phosphoramidon (100 µ M) inhibited ET-1 production by 60%, up-regulated ET-1 receptors and potentiated ET-1-induced calcium mobilization by 75%. These results indicate that the regulatory effects of DEX and phosphoramidon on ET-1 receptors are mediated via ET-1 production by the cells. This suggests an autocrine control of ET-1 receptors by endogenous ET-1 synthesis in vascular smooth muscle cells.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          JVR
          J Vasc Res
          10.1159/issn.1018-1172
          Journal of Vascular Research
          S. Karger AG
          1018-1172
          1423-0135
          1993
          1993
          23 September 2008
          : 30
          : 3
          : 139-144
          Affiliations
          Institut Henri Beaufour, Les Ulis, France
          Article
          158988 J Vasc Res 1993;30:139–144
          10.1159/000158988
          8518331
          © 1993 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Pages: 6
          Categories
          Research Paper

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