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      Assessing the Effect of Demographic Variables on Organizational Citizenship Behavior & Organizational Justice

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      Clinical Social Work and Health Intervention

      Journal of Clinical Social Work and Health Intervention

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          Abstract

          The concept of employees’ Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB)and Organizational Justice (OJ) have been broadly discussed in the current literature in different fields. However, the instrumental role of biographical variables such as gender and age concerning their effect on the employees’ OCB and OJ have been less explored. This study evaluates the effect of these biographical variables on OCB and OJ in the context of Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) of Pakistan. Data were collected from 1019 employees through survey method from the employees working in HEIs of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Regression method and ANNOVA were used to analyze the collected data. Findings of the study revealed a significant positive effect of age and gender on the employees’ OCB and OJ in academic settings at HEIs. It is recommended that management and policy makers should take these variables into account while making policies and implementing them in the higher education setting. It is further suggested that results of this study should be replicated in other contexts for getting more reliable and valid results.

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          Most cited references 9

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          On the dimensionality of organizational justice: a construct validation of a measure.

          This study explores the dimensionality of organizational justice and provides evidence of construct validity for a new justice measure. Items for this measure were generated by strictly following the seminal works in the justice literature. The measure was then validated in 2 separate studies. Study 1 occurred in a university setting, and Study 2 occurred in a field setting using employees in an automobile parts manufacturing company. Confirmatory factor analyses supported a 4-factor structure to the measure, with distributive, procedural, interpersonal, and informational justice as distinct dimensions. This solution fit the data significantly better than a 2- or 3-factor solution using larger interactional or procedural dimensions. Structural equation modeling also demonstrated predictive validity for the justice dimensions on important outcomes, including leader evaluation, rule compliance, commitment, and helping behavior.
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            The role of procedural and distributive justice in organizational behavior

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              Exploring the dark side of organizational citizenship behavior

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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Clinical Social Work and Health Intervention
                cswhi
                Journal of Clinical Social Work and Health Intervention
                2222386X
                20769741
                July 30 2019
                June 28 2019
                July 30 2019
                June 28 2019
                : 10
                : 2
                : 7-18
                Article
                10.22359/cswhi_10_2_01
                © 2019

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

                Psychology, Social & Behavioral Sciences

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