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      The internal phylogeny of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

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      Systematic Entomology

      Wiley-Blackwell

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          COULD A CLADOGRAM THIS SHORT HAVE ARISEN BY CHANCE ALONE?: ON PERMUTATION TESTS FOR CLADISTIC STRUCTURE

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            The Number of Evolutionary Trees

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              Nothomyrmecia macrops: A Living-Fossil Ant Rediscovered.

               R Taylor (1978)
              The Australian Nothomyrmecia macrops is the most primitive living ant. Until recently rediscovered, it was known only from two 46-year-old specimens, both workers. All developmental stages and adult castes are now known. Adults have stridulatory organs placed ventrally, between abdominal sternites III (with plectrum) and IV (with stridulitrum), differing from all other Hymenoptera, where these organs are dorsal. The chromosome number is the highest recorded for Hymenoptera (2n = 92). Virgin queens are brachypterous. Other anatomical and behavioral features are reviewed. Most are primitive for ants, many being shared with Myrmecia, another primitive Australian genus. Fundamental differences in abdominal structure place Myrmecia near the base of the poneroid phylad of ant subfamilies, while Nothomyrmecia is a primitive formicoid.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Systematic Entomology
                System Entomol
                Wiley-Blackwell
                0307-6970
                1365-3113
                October 1992
                October 1992
                : 17
                : 4
                : 301-329
                Article
                10.1111/j.1365-3113.1992.tb00553.x
                © 1992

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