Blog
About

12
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
0 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: not found
      • Article: not found

      Lifespan Developmental Perspectives on Working: A Literature Review of Motivational Theories

      Work, Aging and Retirement

      Oxford University Press (OUP)

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisher
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Related collections

          Most cited references 142

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          On the incomplete architecture of human ontogeny. Selection, optimization, and compensation as foundation of developmental theory.

           P B Baltes (1997)
          Drawing on both evolutionary and ontogenetic perspectives, the basic biological-genetic and social-cultural architecture of human development is outlined. Three principles are involved. First, evolutionary selection pressure predicts a negative age correlation, and therefore, genome-based plasticity and biological potential decrease with age. Second, for growth aspects of human development to extend further into the life span, culture-based resources are required at ever-increasing levels. Third, because of age-related losses in biological plasticity, the efficiency of culture is reduced as life span development unfolds. Joint application of these principles suggests that the life span architecture becomes more and more incomplete with age. Degree of completeness can be defined as the ratio between gains and losses in functioning. Two examples illustrate the implications of the life span architecture proposed. The first is a general theory of development involving the orchestration of 3 component processes: selection, optimization, and compensation. The second considers the task of completing the life course in the sense of achieving a positive balance between gains and losses for all age levels. This goal is increasingly more difficult to attain as human development is extended into advanced old age.
            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: found
            • Article: not found

            A life-span theory of control.

            A life-span theory of development is presented that is based on the concepts of primary and secondary control. Primary control refers to behaviors directed at the external environment and involves attempts to change the world to fit the needs and desires of the individual. Secondary control is targeted at internal processes and serves to minimize losses in, maintain, and expand existing levels of primary control. Secondary control helps the individual to cope with failure and fosters primary control by channeling motivational resources toward selected action goals throughout the life course. Primary control has functional primacy over secondary control. An analysis of extensive and diverse literatures spanning infancy through old age shows that trade-offs between primary and secondary control undergo systematic shifts across the life course in response to the opportunities and constraints encountered.
              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: not found
              • Article: not found

              Pathways to Adulthood in Changing Societies: Variability and Mechanisms in Life Course Perspective

                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Journal
                Work, Aging and Retirement
                WORKAR
                Oxford University Press (OUP)
                2054-4642
                2054-4650
                April 27 2016
                April 07 2016
                : 2
                : 2
                : 130-158
                Article
                10.1093/workar/waw012
                © 2016

                Comments

                Comment on this article