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      Alpha 2-adrenoceptors modulate kainic acid-induced limbic seizures.

      European Journal of Pharmacology

      Animals, Brain Chemistry, drug effects, Clonidine, pharmacology, Diazepam, Haloperidol, Kainic Acid, toxicity, Male, Metergoline, Prazosin, Propranolol, Rats, Rats, Inbred Strains, Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha, physiology, Seizures, chemically induced, prevention & control

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          Abstract

          We have tested several compounds interfering with the brain monoamine (noradrenaline, dopamine, serotonin) and acetylcholine systems for their effects on limbic seizures produced by systemically (s.c.) injected kainic acid as well as on neurochemical changes in amygdala/pyriform cortex resulting from the kainic acid treatment. The characteristic neurochemical changes induced by s.c. kainic acid were a decrease in noradrenaline and an increase in 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid in the acute (3 h after kainic acid injection) suggesting strongly increased neurotransmitter turnover in noradrenergic and serotonergic neurons. This was followed by a reduction of glutamic acid decarboxylase and choline acetyltransferase activities during the chronic phase (3 days) of the kainic acid action, indicating destruction of GABAergic and cholinergic neurons. The compounds tested in this model of limbic epilepsy included 1-propranolol, prazosin, clonidine, yohimbine, metergoline, atropine and haloperidol. Among these compounds the alpha 2-adrenergic agonist clonidine (0.1 mg/kg, i.p.) exhibited a powerful protective action on kainic acid-induced limbic seizures as well as on the neurochemical changes in the amygdala and pyriform cortex. In addition, the adrenoceptor antagonists prazosin (alpha 1) and propranolol (beta) as well as the dopamine receptor antagonist haloperidol had significant but less potent - protective actions upon kainic acid-induced seizures and subsequent neurochemical changes. On the other hand, yohimbine (alpha 2-antagonist) and metergoline (serotonin-antagonist) potentiated the limbic seizure syndrome and no effect was found with atropine.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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