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      Dynamic Neuro-Cognitive Imagery (DNI TM) Improves Developpé Performance, Kinematics, and Mental Imagery Ability in University-Level Dance Students


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          Dance requires optimal range-of-motion and cognitive abilities. Mental imagery is a recommended, yet under-researched, training method for enhancing both of these. This study investigated the effect of Dynamic Neuro-Cognitive Imagery (DNI TM) training on developpé performance (measured by gesturing ankle height and self-reported observations) and kinematics (measured by hip and pelvic range-of-motion), as well as on dance imagery abilities. Thirty-four university-level dance students ( M age = 19.70 ± 1.57) were measured performing three developpé tasks (i.e., 4 repetitions, 8 consecutive seconds hold, and single repetition) at three time-points (2 × pre-, 1 × post-intervention). Data were collected using three-dimensional motion capture, mental imagery questionnaires, and subjective reports. Following the DNI TM intervention, significant increases ( p < 0.01) were detected in gesturing ankle height, as well as in hip flexion and abduction range-of-motion, without significant changes in pelvic alignment. These gains were accompanied by self-reported decrease ( p < 0.05) in level of difficulty experienced and significant improvements in kinesthetic ( p < 0.05) and dance ( p < 0.01) imagery abilities. This study provides evidence for the motor and non-motor benefits of DNI TM training in university-level dance students.

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          Most cited references102

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          Movement imagery ability: development and assessment of a revised version of the vividness of movement imagery questionnaire.

          The purpose of this research was to amend the Vividness of Movement Imagery Questionnaire (VMIQ; Isaac, Marks, & Russell, 1986) in line with contemporary imagery modality and perspective conceptualizations, and to test the validity of the amended questionnaire (i.e., the VMIQ-2). Study 1 had 351 athletes complete the 3-factor (internal visual imagery, external visual imagery, and kinesthetic imagery) 24-item VMIQ-2. Following single-factor confirmatory factor analyses and item deletion, a 12-item version was subject to correlated traits / correlated uniqueness (CTCU) analysis. An acceptable fit was revealed. Study 2 used a different sample of 355 athletes. The CTCU analysis confirmed the factorial validity of the 12-item VMIQ-2. In Study 3, the concurrent and construct validity of the VMIQ-2 was supported. Taken together, the results of the 3 studies provide preliminary support for the revised VMIQ-2 as a psychometrically valid questionnaire.
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            Construction of the Motor Imagery Integrative Model in Sport: a review and theoretical investigation of motor imagery use

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              When paying attention becomes counterproductive: Impact of divided versus skill-focused attention on novice and experienced performance of sensorimotor skills.


                Author and article information

                Front Psychol
                Front Psychol
                Front. Psychol.
                Frontiers in Psychology
                Frontiers Media S.A.
                01 March 2019
                : 10
                : 382
                [1] 1Department of Medicine, Division of General Medicine and Geriatrics, Emory University School of Medicine , Atlanta, GA, United States
                [2] 2Department of Kinesiology, College of Education, University of Georgia , Athens, GA, United States
                [3] 3Department of Dance, Franklin College of Arts and Sciences, University of Georgia , Athens, GA, United States
                [4] 4Department of Mathematics, The Weizmann Institute of Science , Rehovot, Israel
                [5] 5Atlanta VA Center for Visual and Neurocognitive Rehabilitation , Decatur, GA, United States
                Author notes

                Edited by: Adelaida María A. M. Castro Sánchez, University of Almería, Spain

                Reviewed by: Glenna Batson, Wake Forest University, United States; Bernadette Ann Murphy, University of Ontario Institute of Technology, Canada

                *Correspondence: Amit Abraham, amit.abraham@ 123456emory.edu

                This article was submitted to Movement Science and Sport Psychology, a section of the journal Frontiers in Psychology

                Copyright © 2019 Abraham, Gose, Schindler, Nelson and Hackney.

                This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

                : 28 February 2018
                : 07 February 2019
                Page count
                Figures: 3, Tables: 7, Equations: 0, References: 128, Pages: 17, Words: 0
                Original Research

                Clinical Psychology & Psychiatry
                mental imagery,dance,range-of-motion,dynamic neuro-cognitive imagery,training,developpé,kinematics


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