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      Electroencephalography-Based Source Localization for Depression Using Standardized Low Resolution Brain Electromagnetic Tomography – Variational Mode Decomposition Technique

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          Background: Electroencephalography (EEG) may be used as an objective diagnosis tool for diagnosing various disorders. Recently, source localization from EEG is being used in the analysis of real-time brain monitoring applications. However, inverse problem reduces the accuracy in EEG signal processing systems. Objectives: This paper presents a new method of EEG source localization using variational mode decomposition (VMD) and standardized the low resolution brain electromagnetic tomography (sLORETA) inverse model. The focus is to compare the effectiveness of the proposed approach for EEG signals of depression patients. Method: As the first stage, real EEG recordings corresponding to depression patients are decomposed into various mode functions by applying VMD. Then, closely related functions are analyzed using the inverse modelling-based source localization procedures such as sLORETA. Simulations have been carried out on real EEG databases for depression to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed techniques. Results: The performance of the algorithm has been assessed using localization error (LE), mean square error and signal to noise ratio output corresponding to simulated EEG dipole sources and real EEG signals for depression. In order to study the spatial resolution for cortical potential distribution, the main focus has been on studying the effects of noise sources and estimating LE of inverse solutions. More accurate and robust localization results show that this methodology is very promising for EEG source localization of depression signals. Conclusion: It can be said that proposed algorithm efficiently suppresses the influence of noise in the EEG inverse problem using simulated EEG activity and EEG database for depression. Such a system may offer an effective solution for clinicians as a crucial stage of EEG pre-processing in automated depression detection systems and may prevent delay in diagnosis.

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          Author and article information

          Eur Neurol
          European Neurology
          S. Karger AG
          June 2019
          21 May 2019
          : 81
          : 1-2
          : 63-75
          aDepartment of Electronics and Communication Engineering, University Institute of Engineering and Technology, Panjab University Chandigarh, Chandigarh, India
          bDepartment of Psychiatry, Cheema Medical Complex, Mohali, India
          Author notes
          *Preeti Singh, PhD, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, University Institute of Engineering and Technology, Panjab University Chandigarh, Sector 25, Chandigarh 160036 (India), E-Mail preeti_singh@pu.ac.in
          500414 Eur Neurol 2019;81:63–75
          © 2019 S. Karger AG, Basel

          Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.

          Page count
          Figures: 5, Tables: 3, Pages: 13
          Basic Investigative Studies: Research Article


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