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      THE POLITICS OF TELECOMMUNICATIONS REFORM IN AUSTRALIA

      research-article
      Prometheus
      Pluto Journals
      politics, telecommunications, high technology, Australia, technology policy
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            Abstract

            The structure and organisation of many national and international telecommunications networks around the world has undergone considerable change in recent years. These changes have been characterised as part of the global trend away from the traditional regulation of telecommunications towards a so-called ‘deregulated’ environment. This article looks at the recent history of the process of change and reform which has occurred in telecommunications in Australia. It is argued that the simple notion of deregulation of telecommunications as a process where the government withdraws from market intervention does little to explain the complex nature of change which has occurred in Australia. By linking telecommunications policy to broader changes in technology policy, the paper aims to widen the base of current evaluation of telecommunications policy. This paper observes that it is possible to interpret the ‘deregulation’ of telecommunications as part of a longer historical process of various Australian government institutions trying to come to terms with economic and technological change. The particular emphasis placed in political rhetoric on technology in general and telecommunications specifically as a source of progress has meant that many important social issues have been neglected or inadequately addressed.

            Content

            Author and article information

            Journal
            cpro20
            CPRO
            Prometheus
            Critical Studies in Innovation
            Pluto Journals
            0810-9028
            1470-1030
            December 1993
            : 11
            : 2
            : 252-270
            Affiliations
            Article
            8629357 Prometheus, Vol. 11, No. 2, 1993: pp. 252–270
            10.1080/08109029308629357
            4848081e-d85e-4d89-a004-618e3b19e3e5
            Copyright Taylor & Francis Group, LLC

            All content is freely available without charge to users or their institutions. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission of the publisher or the author. Articles published in the journal are distributed under a http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

            History
            Page count
            Figures: 0, Tables: 0, References: 71, Pages: 19
            Categories
            Original Articles

            Computer science,Arts,Social & Behavioral Sciences,Law,History,Economics
            technology policy,politics,Australia,telecommunications,high technology

            NOTES AND REFERENCES

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            11. Moyal, ibid., p.336.

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            13. Moyal, op. cit., p.305.

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            16. ibid., pp. 35–36.

            17. Moyal, op. cit., p.353.

            18. ibid, p. 338.

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            22. It is interesting to note that the Australian Science and Technology Council (ASTEC), a high level source of independent advice to the Prime Minister on science and technology, had only completed one minor report on telecommunications research by this time. After 1982, the work of the Technological Change Committee of ASTEC produced reports on information technology and social issues.

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            47. Evans, ibid., p.1.

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            55. For example see I. Reinecke and J. Schultz, ‘Deregulation in Australia, by design or default’, Telecommunication Policy, 8, 4, 1984, pp.267–270; A Moyal, ‘The feminine culture of the telephone: people, patterns and policy’, Prometheus, 7, 1, 1989, pp. 5–31; Evatt Foundation, Telefuture: Who foots the bill?, Evatt Memorial Foundation, Sydney, 1991; publications and conferences sponsored by the Australian Telecommunications Users Group; and the journal Australian Communications.

            56. Allen Consulting Group, Developing Telecommunications Industry Strategies in Australia, Report to DITAC, DITAC, Canberra, July 1991.

            57. Australia. House of Representatives Standing Committee for Long Term Strategies, Australia as an Information Society: Grasping New Paradigms, AGPS, Canberra, 1991.

            58. B. Jones, op. cit.

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            60. Mosco, 1988, op. cit.

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            62. Castells M.. 1989. . The Informational City: Information Technology, Economic Restructuring, and the Urban-Regional Process . , p. 10 Oxford : : Blackwell. .

            63. Mosco (1990), op. cit.

            64. P. Couchman, op. cit., pp.258–261

            65. For example, see A. Moyal, ‘Domestic telephone research’, Media Information Australia, 60, May 1991, pp.27–29 for a review of a conference on social aspects of communications.

            66. Australia, House of Representatives Standing Committee for Long Term Strategies, Australia as an Information Society: Grasping New Paradigms, AGPS, Canberra, 1991, p.13.

            67. Hilpert U.. 1991. . “The State, Science and Techno-Industrial Innovation. ”. In State policies and techno-industrial innovation . , Edited by: Hilpert U.. New York : : Routledge. .

            68. Mosco (1988). op. cit., p.120.

            69. Macdonald S.. 1990. . Technology and the Tyranny of Export Controls . , p. 54––63. . London : : Macmillan. .

            70. AUSTEL, Privacy Inquiry, Draft Report, June 1992, AUSTEL, Melbourne, 1992; Australian Science and Technology Council, Future Directions for CSIRO, AGPS, Canberra, 1985.

            71. D. Lamberton, op. cit.

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