Blog
About

43
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      Holding policy-makers to account: exploring 'soft' and 'hard' policy and the implications for curriculum reform

      Read this article at

      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Curriculum implementation as both an educational practice and a policy conundrum has been the focus of academic research since the 1970s. A new perspective is taken in this article by borrowing from the literature on policy implementation in multilevel systems of government. The concepts of 'hard' and 'soft' policy are used to show that policy-makers choose from a range of strategies and it is these choices rather than teacher attitudes that may account for the level of implementation of a policy. A case study of curriculum implementation in Hong Kong is used to show how 'hard' and 'soft' policy can be identified in practice.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          10430
          London Review of Education
          IOE Press
          1474-8460
          01 March 2011
          : 9
          : 1
          : 41-54
          Article
          1474-8460(20110301)9:1L.41;1- s5.phd /ioep/clre/2011/00000009/00000001/art00005
          10.1080/14748460.2011.550433
          Product
          Categories
          Articles

          Comments

          Comment on this article

          London Review of Education
          Volume 9, Issue 1

          Similar content 55

          Cited by 3