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      علم الآثار ودوره في تكريس المشهد التوراتيّ في القدس: ”مدينة داود“ نموذجًا

      Bethlehem University Journal
      Pluto Journals


            تتناول هذه المقالة علم الآثار وكيفية توظيفه من قبل المؤسسة الإس ا رئيلية من أجل تكريس المشهد التو ا رتيّ في القدس وذلك من خال التركيز على ما يُسمى ﺑ "مدينة داود" في سلوان بوصفه نموذجًا يوضح طُرق تلاعب هذه المؤسسة في الجغ ا رفيا والآثار لصياغة تاريخ مختلق عن المكان ومحيطه. فقد قامت المؤسسات الإس ا رئيليّة المسؤولة عن الآثار في أواخر الستينيات ومطلع السبعينيات من القرن الماضي، وبعد فترة وجيزة من احتال المدينة عام 1967 واستكمالً للعمل الآثاريّ الميدانيّ الذي بدئ به في أواخر القرن التاسع، بالحفر الأثري في المنطقة الجنوبيّة والجنوبيّة الشرقيّة من المسجد الأقصى وفي منطقة سلوان. كان البحث الأثريّ الإس ا رئيليّ بطيئًا وسرعان ما تكثّف هذا العمل في هذه الجهات في مطلع التسعينيات؛ وذلك للدور المهم الذي تلعبه في بناء الهوية القومية–الدينية في إس ا رئيل وتعزيزها وتمكين دور المؤسسات القائمة على العمل الأثري فيها، عبر تكريس مُسميات وروايات تو ا رتيّة ومن ثم الاستحواذ على الهويّة الحضارية للمدينة وتقديم المدينة للجمهور بهذا المشهد التو ا رتيّ.


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            Bethlehem University Journal
            Pluto Journals
            1 January 2019
            : 36
            : ( doiID: 10.13169/bethunivj.36.issue-2019 )
            : 34-61
            © 2019 Pluto Journals

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