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      Army of Ravens

      research-article
      International Journal of Critical Diversity Studies
      Pluto Journals
      Negritude, poetry, socialism, liberation, revolution, decolonization
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            Abstract

            Negritude is one of the most controversial and misunderstood movements, starting with Jean-Paul Sartre's misguided discussion of the significance of Negritude in Black Orpheus. In this article, I will argue that Negritude is not opposed in any way to a non-racialized socialism. Indeed, as the contemporary philosopher Lewis Gordon has powerfully argued, Negritude and other forms of Black consciousness are absolutely crucial to the overcoming of racism and colonization and to attempt to have ideals of economic transformation that do not fall back into the worst forms of racism. At the heart of this debate about the significance of Negritude—all the poets were socialists—is the question of whether or not there is African philosophy and whether African philosophy has made a significant contribution to rethinking socialism as ethical as well as economic. This article strongly argues that African philosophy demands that we shift our understanding of how and why socialism is an ethical aspiration and is rooted in an ontology of rhythmic bodies.

            Content

            Author and article information

            Journal
            10.2307/j50020082
            intecritdivestud
            International Journal of Critical Diversity Studies
            Pluto Journals
            2516-550X
            2516-5518
            1 December 2018
            : 1
            : 2 ( doiID: 10.13169/intecritdivestud.1.issue-2 )
            : 6-17
            Affiliations
            Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA
            Article
            intecritdivestud.1.2.0006
            10.13169/intecritdivestud.1.2.0006
            8e2310da-3cab-4b98-b303-63b9cb301f88
            © 2018 International Journal of Critical Diversity Studies

            All content is freely available without charge to users or their institutions. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission of the publisher or the author. Articles published in the journal are distributed under a http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

            History
            Custom metadata
            eng

            Social & Behavioral Sciences
            liberation,Negritude,poetry,socialism,revolution,decolonization

            References

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            2. Césaire, A. (1983). The collected poetry (C. Eshleman & A. Smith, Trans.). Berkeley: University of California Press.

            3. Cornell, D. (2014). Law and revolution in South Africa: uBuntu, dignity, and the struggle for constitutional transformation. Fordham, NY: Fordham University Press.

            4. Diagne, S. B. (2011). African art as philosophy: Senghor, Bergson and the idea of negritude (C. Jeffers, Trans.). London, England: Seagull Books.

            5. Gordon, L. (2019). Fear of Black consciousness (Unpublished).

            6. Grosz, E. (2005). Bergson, Deleuze and the becoming of unbecoming. Parallax, 11(2), 4–13.

            7. Hegel, G. W. F. (2010). The science of logic (G. D. Giovanni, Trans.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. (Original work published 1813)

            8. Henry, P. (2000). Caliban's reason: Introducing Afro-Caribbean philosophy (Africana thought). New York, NY: Routledge.

            9. Jones, D. V. (2010). The racial discourses of life philosophy: Negritude, vitalism, and modernity. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.

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            11. Nyerere, J. (1968). Ujamaa—Essays on socialism. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

            12. Poe, E. A. (1903). The works of Edgar Allan Poe, the Raven edition (Vol. 5). New York, NY: P.F. Collier.

            13. Sartre, J. P. (1976). Black Orpheus. Paris, France: Présence Africaine.

            14. Senghor, L. S. (1956). The spirit of civilization, or the laws of African Negro culture. Paris, France: Présence Africaine.

            15. Senghor, L. S. (1991). The collected poetry. Charlottesville: The University of Virginia Press.

            16. Tempels, P. (1959). Bantu philosophy (C. King, Trans.). Paris, France: Présence Africaine.

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