740
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares

       If you have found this article useful and you think it is important that researchers across the world have access, please consider donating, to ensure that this valuable collection remains Open Access.

      International Journal of Critical Diversity Studies is published by Pluto Journals, an Open Access publisher. This means that everyone has free and unlimited access to the full-text of all articles from our international collection of social science journalsFurthermore Pluto Journals authors don’t pay article processing charges (APCs).

      scite_
       
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      Cultural Villages and Their Idea of South Africa: A Decolonial Critique

      research-article
      Bookmark

            Abstract

            Cultural villages are currently one of the most popular tourism attractions in South Africa, but in spite of their popularity, the villages also face a barrage of criticisms leveled against the manner in which they represent culture and identity, as well as their political economy. Thus, the criticisms leveled against the cultural villages range from that they represent myths instead of culture to that they stage identity and culture in an essentialist and ahistorical manner as though culture is circumscribed and “frozen in time.” In the context of crafting a cohesive South African national identity, the question that arises in light of the above criticism leveled against the cultural villages is that of: To what extent does their representation of culture and identity contribute to the making of an inclusive and cohesive South African national identity? This question is important not only because cultural representations such as the cultural villages of South Africa serve as mirrors of how people imagine themselves and their relationship with others but also because such representation can neither negate nor enhance the idea of constructing a new identity. In this article, I examine both the negative and positive contributions of the cultural village project to the idea of an inclusive and cohesive South Africa. Thus, I deploy the case study of PheZulu Safari Park and Lesedi cultural villages to examine the extent to which the construction of cultural villages enhances and/or negates the idea of a cohesive national identity in South Africa.

            Content

            Author and article information

            Journal
            10.2307/j50020082
            intecritdivestud
            International Journal of Critical Diversity Studies
            Pluto Journals
            2516-550X
            2516-5518
            1 December 2018
            : 1
            : 2 ( doiID: 10.13169/intecritdivestud.1.issue-2 )
            : 33-41
            Affiliations
            University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa
            Article
            intecritdivestud.1.2.0033
            10.13169/intecritdivestud.1.2.0033
            2c1b1376-d22e-4061-aa3c-7b09b7d1ab23
            © 2018 International Journal of Critical Diversity Studies

            All content is freely available without charge to users or their institutions. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission of the publisher or the author. Articles published in the journal are distributed under a http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

            History
            Custom metadata
            eng

            Social & Behavioral Sciences
            social cohesion,identity,cultural village,South Africa,nationhood,culture

            References

            1. Anderson, B. (1991). Imagined communities: Reflections on the origin and spread of nationalism. London, England: Verso.

            2. Crang, M. (1999). Nation, region and homeland: History and tradition in Dalarna, Sweden. Cultural Geographies, 6, 447–470.

            3. Edensor, T. (2001). Performing tourism, staging tourism: (Re)producing tourist space and practice. Tourist Studies, 1, 59–81.

            4. Errington, S. (1998). The death of authentic primitive art and other tales of progress. Berkeley: University of California Press.

            5. Galaty, J. G. (2002). How visual figures speak: Narrative inventions of “the pastoralist” in East Africa. Visual Anthropology, 15, 347–368.

            6. Gordon, R. J. (2002). Captured on film: Bushmen and the claptrap of performative primitives. In P. S. Landau & D. S. Kaspin (Eds.), Images and empires: Visuality in colonial and postcolonial Africa (pp. 212–232). Berkeley: University of California Press.

            7. Gordon-Chipembere, N. M. (2006). “Even with the best intentions”: The misreading of Sarah Baartman's life by African American writers. Agenda, 20, 54–62.

            8. Hitchcock, M. (1998). Tourism, “Taman Mini,” and national identity. Indonesia and the Malay World, 26, 124–135.

            9. Jansen van Veuren, E. (2001). Transforming cultural villages in the spatial development initiatives of South Africa. South African Geographical Journal, 83, 137–148.

            10. Jansen van Veuren, E. (2003). Capitalising on indigenous cultures: Cultural village tourism in South Africa. Africa Insight, 33, 69–77.

            11. Kasfir, S. L. (2002). Slam-dunking and the last noble savage. Visual Anthropology, 15, 369–385.

            12. Kratz, C. A., & Gordon, R. J. (2002). Persistent popular images of pastoralists. Visual Anthropology, 15, 247–265.

            13. Marschall, S. (2003). Mind the difference: A comparative analysis of Zulu cultural villages in KwaZulu-Natal. Southern African Humanities, 15, 109–127.

            14. Mhiripiri, N. A. (2008). The tourist viewer, the Bushmen and the Zulu: Imaging and (re) invention of identities through contemporary visual cultural production (Unpublished doctoral thesis). University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.

            15. Pieterse, J. N. (1992). White on Black: Images of Africa and Blacks in western popular culture. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.

            16. Tomaselli, K. G. (Ed.). (2007). Writing in the San/d: Autoethnography among indigenous Southern Africans. New York, NY: Altamira Press.

            17. Xie, P. (2011). Authenticating ethnic tourism. Bristol, UK: Channel View.

            Comments

            Comment on this article