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      The Political Economy of Hate Industry: Islamophobia in the Western Public Sphere

      Islamophobia Studies Journal
      Pluto Journals
      Islamophobia, media, political economy, West, Muslims, free speech


            Minority communities across the globe are increasingly being targeted for vilification and demonization which consequently result in their marginalization and persecution, among other forms of physical, psychological, structural and cultural violence. These may be on account of race, religion, ethnicity, sexual orientation, disabilities or other demographic indicators—a phenomenon which summatively came to be known as hate speech/crime. When such violence ballooned beyond bearable level against the black community in the United States in the 1950s and 1960s, it triggered counteroffensive under the veneer of “white devil,” insighting the production of “How Hate Begets Hate” and Bigger Thomases of that world. In recent times, nowhere is such hate more pronounced than the one directed at the Muslim communities living in various countries of the West. Their framing as irrational, incompatible and security threat to the West has resulted in a number of stringent legislation/policies targeting them, beside organized violence by individuals and a propaganda industry feeding on this. This rising Islamophobia, as the study found, is a byproduct of historical experiences, fuelled contemporarily by the economic and political interests of individuals and organizations. Using qualitative content analysis and political economy as methodological and theoretical frameworks respectively, this study identifies the key players in heightening anti-Muslim sentiment in the West, as well as their motivations and strategy of public deception. It also explores the phases and causes of tension in West–Muslim relations, the role of media and the solution to this, among other things.


            Author and article information

            Islamophobia Studies Journal
            Pluto Journals
            1 October 2020
            : 5
            : 2 ( doiID: 10.13169/islastudj.5.issue-2 )
            : 152-174
            Department of Mass Communication, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
            © Islamophobia Research and Documentation Project, Center for Race and Gender, University of California, Berkeley

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            Custom metadata

            Social & Behavioral Sciences
            Islamophobia,media,political economy,West,Muslims,free speech


            1. For details on these and more, see: “‘I think Islam hates Us’: A timeline of Trump's comments about Islam and Muslims” (Washington Post, May 20, 2017).


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