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      Islamophobia in India: The Orientalist Reformulation of Tipu Sultan— The Tiger of Mysore

      research-article
      Islamophobia Studies Journal
      Pluto Journals
      Tipu Sultan, Orientalism, coloniality, India, Hindutva, BJP, Islamophobia
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            Abstract

            Islamophobia in India, with the coming to power of BJP, a Hindutva (Indian nationalist) party, is on the increase. To understand Islamophobia in India, the approach in this article diverts from studies that focus on empirical data of incidence and discriminatory legislation to the construct of the figure of the Muslim as the Other. My approach focuses on Hindutvaism and the British Orientalist construction of the 18th-century figure of Tipu Sultan as a signifier in the marking of Muslims as the Other. British Orientalists during colonialism and Hindutvaism in post-colonial India both construct Tipu as the figure of the Muslim. This brings the Orientalist discursive practice, which constructed the figure of Muslim as an obstruction to imperial British national imagination, in dialogue with the Hindutva Islamophobic narrative. To show that the Hindutva construction of the figure of Muslim has echoes of Orientalism, I adopt a decolonial approach of “coloniality,” as a continuation of Westerncentric global political dominance, and “colonial situation,” as the perpetuation of discrimination against a marked identity in post-colonial nations. Contrasting the construction of Tipu in Orientalism and Hindutvaism situates Islamophobia as a repertoire of problematizing the figure of the Muslim in Orientalism. The approach challenges the view that the colonialist discursive practice that marked Muslims as Other is the preserve of Orientalism, highlighting the influence of Orientalism, as a way of thinking, in post-colonial nations and the unfinished business of decolonisation.

            Content

            Author and article information

            Journal
            10.13169/islastudj
            Islamophobia Studies Journal
            ISJ
            Pluto Journals
            2325-8381
            16 June 2022
            1 January 2022
            : 7
            : 1
            : 82-95
            Article
            10.13169/islastudj.7.1.0082
            a48324a3-3fe3-4ae7-81eb-dee6489bdc96
            2022 Ismail Adam Patel

            All content is freely available without charge to users or their institutions. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission of the publisher or the author. Articles published in the journal are distributed under a http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

            History
            Page count
            Pages: 14
            Categories

            Social & Behavioral Sciences
            Tipu Sultan,Orientalism,coloniality,India,Hindutva,BJP,Islamophobia

            References

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