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      To what extent has U.S. foreign policy contributed to an increase in religious inspired terrorism since 1945?

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            Abstract

            This paper will analyze the role that U.S. Foreign Policy has had on increasing religious inspired terrorism since 1945. Justifications for the War on Terror after 9/11 were for freedom, democracy, and the eradication of terrorism, yet the interventions that have taken place both in the 20th and 21st centuries have neither spread democracy nor freedom and have even increased terrorism, especially in the Middle East and also internationally. The role that each presidential administration after World War II has played in increasing U.S. power and influence in the Middle East has further increased security threats both towards those in the region and Western states. The significant shift in policy after the attacks of 11 September 2001 allowed for the securitization of religious terrorism and a state of exception in which the United States has broken international law and violated human rights through extraordinary measures. The use of drones, in particular by the Obama administration has allowed the War on Terror to move into the shadows from the overt military interventions of George W. Bush in Afghanistan and Iraq, whilst still having a devastating effect on civilians and the stability of the states it targets. The human rights abuses of the United States both in the Middle East and in Guantanamo Bay Naval Base question the legitimacy of the invasions and aims of the democratic state by breaking the rule of law and have also contributed to the increase in religious inspired terrorism.

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            Author and article information

            Contributors
            Journal
            10.2307/j50018794
            jglobfaul
            Journal of Global Faultlines
            Pluto Journals
            2397-7825
            2054-2089
            1 December 2019
            : 6
            : 2 ( doiID: 10.13169/jglobfaul.6.issue-2 )
            : 186-203
            Affiliations
            Charlotte Morris is a Birmingham City University graduate with a degree in Security Studies.
            Article
            jglobfaul.6.2.0186
            10.13169/jglobfaul.6.2.0186
            0baa0c4f-c9ac-43d6-aff8-01f9d4f90119
            This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.

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            eng

            Social & Behavioral Sciences

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