180
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
1 collections
    0
    shares
       
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      Devaluation of cultural capital on online platforms and the changing shape of the social space

      research-article
      Bookmark

            Abstract

            This article analyses the devaluation of work and qualifications on crowdworking platforms. It argues that - in the context of a digital reputation economy - cultural capital (formal and incorporated standards of skills and knowledge) is increasingly being devalued, informalised and replaced by symbolic capital. We argue that these changes impact on social relations and the social space. The devaluation and precariousness of crowdwork does not only reflect a crisis of social reproduction and increasing socio-economic inequalities, but also changes traditional channels of upward mobility and thus the structuring of the social space. Furthermore, increasing individual competition implies gendered and discriminatory dynamics.

            Content

            Author and article information

            Journal
            10.2307/j50010512
            workorgalaboglob
            Work Organisation, Labour & Globalisation
            Pluto Journals
            1745-641X
            1745-6428
            1 January 2020
            : 14
            : 1 ( doiID: 10.13169/workorgalaboglob.14.issue-1 )
            : 32-46
            Article
            workorgalaboglob.14.1.0032
            10.13169/workorgalaboglob.14.1.0032
            7551fea3-7bf7-49ba-92cb-83185787d53a
            © Thomas Höhne and Martina Sproll, 2020

            All content is freely available without charge to users or their institutions. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission of the publisher or the author. Articles published in the journal are distributed under a http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

            Custom metadata
            eng

            Sociology,Labor law,Political science,Labor & Demographic economics,Political economics
            gender,symbolic capital,labour control,intersectional inequalities,devaluation,social space,crowdwork,cultural capital,reputation economy

            REFERENCES

            1. Altenried, M. (2017) ‘Die Plattform als Fabrik. Crowdwork, Digitaler Taylorismus und die Vervielfältigung der Arbeit’, PROKLA, 47 (2):175-91.

            2. Berg, J., M. Furrer, E. Harmon, U. Rani & M.S. Silberman (2018) Digital Labour Platforms and the Future of Work: Towards Decent Work in the Online World. Geneva: International Labour Office.

            3. Bourdieu, P. (1984) Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgment of Taste. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

            4. Bourdieu, P. (1998) Practical Reason. Hoboken, NJ: Blackwell Publishers.

            5. Bourdieu, P. (2004) ‘The forms of capital’ in S. Ball (ed.) The Routledge Falmer Reader: Sociology of Education. London: Routledge:15-29.

            6. Bourdieu, P. & J.C. Passeron (1970) La reproduction. Paris: Éditions de Minuit.

            7. Bröckling, U. (2015) The Entrepreneurial Self. Fabricating a New Type of Subject. NJ: Sage.

            8. Drahokoupil, J. & B. Fabo (2016) ‘The platform economy and the disruption of the employment relationship’, ETUI Policy Brief, 5.

            9. Durward, D., I. Blohm & J.M. Leimeister (2016) ‘Crowd Work’, Business & Information Systems Engineering, 58 (4):281-6.

            10. Edwards, R. (1979) Contested Terrain. New York: Basic Books.

            11. Ehrlich, M., T. Engel, M. Füchtenkötter & W. Ibrahim (2017) ‘Digitale Prekarisierung. Neue Verwundbarkeiten und Abwertungsprozesse in der Industriearbeit’, PROKLA, 47 (2):193-211.

            12. Flecker, J. (2016) ‘Introduction’ in J. Flecker (ed.) Space, Place and Global Digital Work, London: Palgrave Macmillan:1-8.

            13. Funder, M. & M. Sproll (2012) Symbolische Gewalt und Leistungsregime. Geschlechterungleichheit in der betrieblichen Arbeitspolitik. Münster: Westfälisches Dampfboot.

            14. Gandini, A. (2016) The Reputation Economy: Understanding Knowledge Work in Digital Society. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

            15. Gerber, C. (2019) ‘Alte Herrschaft in digitalen Gewändern? Der Arbeitsprozess auf Crowdworking Plattformen’ in F. Butollo & S. Nuss (eds) Marx und die Roboter: Vernetzte Produktion, Künstliche Intelligenz und lebendige Arbeit, Berlin: Karl Dietz Verlag:256-75.

            16. Gerber, C. & M. Krzywdzinski (2019) ‘Brave new digital work? New forms of performance control in crowdwork’ in S.P. Vallas & A. Kovaleinen (eds) Work and Labour in the Digital Age, Bingley: Emerald Publishing:121-44.

            17. Hearn, A. (2010) ‘Structuring feeling: Web 2.0, online ranking and rating, and the digital “reputation” economy’, Ephemera: Theory and Politics in Organization, 10 (3/4):421-38.

            18. Huws, U. (2015) ‘Setting the standards: the USA and capitalism in the digital age’ in O. Frayssé & M. O'Neil (eds) Digital Labour and Prosumer Capitalism: The US Matrix, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan:20-9.

            19. Huws, U., N.H. Spencer & S. Joyce (2016) Crowd Work in Europe: Preliminary Results from a Survey in the UK, Sweden, Germany, Austria and the Netherlands, Brussels: Foundation for European Progressive Studies (FEPS). Accessed January 8, 2020 from https://www.feps-europe.eu/Assets/Publications/PostFiles/463_1.pdf.

            20. Huws, U., N.H. Spencer, M. Coates & K. Holts (2019) The Platformisation of Work in Europe: Results from Research in 13 European Countries, Brussels: Foundation for European Progressive Studies (FEPS).

            21. Kuek, S.C., C.M. Paradi-Guilford, T. Fayomi, S. Imaizumi & P. Ipeirotis (2015) The Global Opportunity in Online Outsourcing. Washington, DC: World Bank.

            22. Lehdonvirta, V. (2016) ‘Algorithms that divide and unite: Delocalisation, identity and collective action in “microwork”‘ in J. Flecker (ed.) Space, Place and Global Digital Work, London: Palgrave Macmillan:53-80.

            23. Leimeister, J.M., S. Zogaj & D. Durward (2016a) ‘Crowd Worker in Deutschland. Eine empirische Studie zum Arbeitsumfeld auf externen Crowdsourcing-Plattformen’, Study der HansBöcklerStiftung, 323. Accessed January 9, 2020 from https://www.boeckler.de/pdf/p_study_hbs_323.pdf.

            24. Leimeister, J.M, S. Zogaj, D. Shkodran, D. Durward & I. Blohm (2016b) ‘Systematisierung und Analyse von CrowdSourcingAnbietern und CrowdWorkProjekten’, Study der HansBöcklerStiftung, 324. Accessed November 8, 2019 from https://www.boeckler.de/pdf/p_study_hbs_324.pdf.

            25. Lücking, S. (2019) Arbeiten in der Plattformökonomie: Über digitale Tagelöhner, algorithmisches Management und die Folgen für die Arbeitswelt. Forschungsförderungsreport, 5. Düsseldorf: Hans-Böckler-Stiftung.

            26. Marx, K. (1887 [1967]) Capital: A Critique of Political Economy, Vol. 1. New York: International Publishers.

            27. Pfeiffer, S. (2004) Arbeitsvermögen. Wiesbaden: VS-Verlag.

            28. Pfeiffer, S. (2019) ‘Produktivkraft konkret. Vom schweren Start der Leichtbauroboter’ in F. Butollo & S. Nuss (eds) Marx und die Roboter: Vernetzte Produktion, Künstliche Intelligenz und lebendige Arbeit, Berlin: Karl Dietz Verlag:156-77.

            29. Pongratz, H. (2018) ‘Of crowds and talents: Discursive constructions of global online labour’, New Technology, Work and Employment, 33 (1):58-73.

            30. Schildmann, C. (2018) Geschlechtergerechtigkeit in der digitalen Arbeitswelt: Fünf entscheidende Felder. böll.brief Teilhabegesellschaft, 6. Berlin: Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung.

            31. Serfling, O. (2018) ‘Crowdworking Monitor Nr. 1‘, Kleve. Accessed January 6, 2020 from www.bmas.de/SharedDocs/Downloads/DE/PDFMeldungen/2018/crowdworkingmonitor.html.

            32. Valenduc, G. & P. Vendramin (2016) ‘Work in the digital economy: Sorting the old from the new’, ETUI Working Paper, 3, Brussels: ETUI.

            Comments

            Comment on this article