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      Impacts of COVID-19 on Wives of Nepali Migrants and Future Foreign Employment Decision-making

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            Abstract

            With over 55% of households having labour migrants and over 25% of the GDP attributable to migrants’ remittance, migration plays an important role in economic development of Nepal but also in overall wellbeing of the Nepali households. While there have been considerable studies on the impact of migration both from social and economic perspectives, little is known about how migrants and their households make decisions to migrate. Moreover, there is limited research on how crisis in destination countries affect migration decision-making among migrants and their left-behind household members. Taking the example of the current COVID-19 crisis, this article discusses the context within which people are taking migration decisions and how the experiences of crisis affects decision-making about pursuing foreign employment for people who have previous migration experience. This article discusses the experience of migrants’ wives during the pandemic in relation to their husband’s migration, alternative livelihood experience of migrants (returnees, those on a holiday and aspiring migrants) in the home country, impacts of COVID-19 ban on aspiring migrants, and aspiring migrants and their wives’ perspectives towards future foreign employment. The article argues that given a high interest amongst the returnees and their spouses to work in Nepal, current employment programmes brought forward by the government should take the opportunity as a way of retaining the human resources in Nepal.

            Content

            Author and article information

            Journal
            Zanj: The Journal of Critical Global South Studies
            2515-2149
            14 June 2022
            : 5
            : 1/2
            : 131-147
            Affiliations
            [1 ] Nepal Institute for Social and Environmental Research (NISER)
            Article
            10.13169/zanjglobsoutstud.5.1.0010
            4a7ef3d4-b226-499b-af7b-6af5d51ae273
            Authors

            Published under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International ( CC BY 4.0). Users are allowed to share (copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format) and adapt (remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially), as long as the authors and the publisher are explicitly identified and properly acknowledged as the original source.


            Data sharing not applicable to this article as no datasets were generated or analysed during the current study.
            Political science,Labor & Demographic economics,General social science,Family & Child studies,Development studies,Cultural studies
            Global South ,migration,Nepal,cultural studies,development studies,economic development,Covid-19,pandemic,socio-economics,decision-making

            References

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            6. Sapkota Kanhaiya. Women in foreign employment: Its impact on the left behind family members in Tanahun district, Nepal. Geographical Journal of Nepal. Vol. 13:69–90. 2020. Nepal Journals Online (JOL). [Cross Ref]

            7. Spaan Ernst, van Naerssen Ton. Migration decision-making and migration industry in the Indonesia–Malaysia corridor. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies. Vol. 44(4):680–695. 2018. Informa UK Limited. [Cross Ref]

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