If you have found this article useful and you think it is important that researchers across the world have access, please consider donating, to ensure that this valuable collection remains Open Access.
Zanj is published by Pluto Journals, an Open AcZcess publisher. This means that everyone has free and unlimited access to the full-text of all articles from our international collection of social science journals. Furthermore Pluto Journals authors don’t pay article processing charges (APCs).
Zanj: The Journal of Critical Global South Studies
Copyright statement: The Authors
Published under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (
CC BY 4.0). Users are allowed to share (copy and redistribute the material in any medium or
format) and adapt (remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose,
even commercially), as long as the authors and the publisher are explicitly identified
and properly acknowledged as the original source.
Data availability: Data sharing not applicable to this article as no datasets were generated or analysed during the current study.