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      A Black Thang: Black Nia F.O.R.C.E, Radical Student Reading Circles, and Intellectual Freedom

      Zanj: The Journal of Critical Global South Studies
      student activism, Black Studies, hip hop, study groups, radicalism


            One of the central themes of Black student activism in the latter half of the twentieth century was re-education. Finding the curriculums confronted in their schooling to be inadequate, student activists fought for Black Studies. But they also built alternatives to formal schooling. These reading circles and study groups became incubators for radical thinking, places that were free from the authority of campus administrations. This essay explores the prominence of reading circles in the context of Black student struggles at Howard University in the 1980s, through a focus on the organization, Black Nia F.O.R.C.E. It seeks to demonstrate that the preface for radical action, for their radical orientation, was knowledge and that ultimately, it was within self-determined intellectual spaces, where we find the true roots of “Black Study.”


            Author and article information

            Zanj: The Journal of Critical Global South Studies
            20 September 2022
            : 6
            : 1
            : 29-43
            [1 ] Department of Afro-American Studies, Howard University, 2400 6th St NW, Washington, DC 20059
            The Authors

            Published under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International ( CC BY 4.0). Users are allowed to share (copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format) and adapt (remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially), as long as the authors and the publisher are explicitly identified and properly acknowledged as the original source.

            Data sharing not applicable to this article as no datasets were generated or analysed during the current study.
            Sociology,Political science,Social & Behavioral Sciences,General social science,Development studies,Cultural studies
            student activism,study groups,Black Studies,radicalism,hip hop


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