Chinese ink and wash painting (CIWP), taking ink as the carrier and based on the variation of the colour of black and white, contains a command of Chinese Humanistic Spirit. However, the reform of new media brings about the innovation of communication mode, cognition and creation. Contemporary CIWP began to change the creative ideas and ways, seeking innovation and change. Especially in the late 20th century, it ushered in a rich cultural breakthrough, which achieved the reform of a series of cultural elements, the renewal of artistic concepts, the transformation of cultural media and the integration of artistic behaviour. The exploration of these aspects has ushered in the unprecedented cross-border study of ink painting art. This paper first analyses the development dilemma of CIWP under the traditional media, and then discusses the innovation brought by the new media to CIWP. Finally, it introduces a reference for the new forms of Contemporary CIWP.