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      Designing Dramatic Play: Story and Game Structure

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      Proceedings of HCI 2010 (HCI)

      Human Computer Interaction

      6 - 10 September 2010

      Design, Human Factors, Theory

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            Abstract

            Drama in games is created by the interplay of the narrative structure of story and the ludic structure of challenges. In this paper, we combine Csikszentmihalyi’s model of engagement and flow with Freytag’s pyramid, a model of narrative structure. Using this combination, we explore the dramatic structure of Halo: Combat Evolved, comparing ludic and narrative structures at each stage of the game. Based on our analysis, we recommend that game designers recognise the importance of psychological states beyond flow, and structure gameplay to lead the player on a journey through different states. In particular, we defend the idea of pushing the player out of their comfort zone early in the game to provide motivation and positive stress, and ending the game with challenges below the player’s level of expertise, to allow them to relax, reflect, and experience a sense of closure.

            Content

            Author and article information

            Contributors
            Conference
            September 2010
            September 2010
            : 448-452
            Affiliations
            [0001]University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore

            Queensland, Australia
            Article
            10.14236/ewic/HCI2010.54
            bae069e1-5c30-4ccc-943f-1441f8970b67
            © Ben Rolfe et al. Published by BCS Learning and Development Ltd. Proceedings of HCI 2010, University of Abertay, Dundee, UK

            This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

            Proceedings of HCI 2010
            HCI
            24
            University of Abertay, Dundee, UK
            6 - 10 September 2010
            Electronic Workshops in Computing (eWiC)
            Human Computer Interaction
            Product
            Product Information: 1477-9358BCS Learning & Development
            Self URI (journal page): https://ewic.bcs.org/
            Categories
            Electronic Workshops in Computing

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